Beginners Guide To Learn Photography

This Beginners Guide to Learn Photography will help you on the learning process.

Contents

What is Photography?

After searching the internet for valid definitions of photography as well as reading the blogs of many photographers, I concluded that photography is merely the art of seeing things, beauty, face or event from a different perspective and capturing that particular moment in the form of a picture or a photograph.

Just like everything in this world is perceived differently by everyone living in it, similarly, photography aspires to be unique for everyone around too.

What is it for me? As I explained above, it is merely the art of seeing. When you take a walk around the street, or in your home or when you’re trying to get ready for a particular event, there comes a moment in either of the three situations that you freeze and you notice something you want to keep forever.

Sometimes that particular thing wants to be engaged in your memory forever. Or sometimes you want to change it and turn it into a prized possession.

That feeling or thrill is what constitutes the way to being a great photographer. Most of the times when we’re taking a walk, and we stumble upon a place, we want to capture it but adding it a bit of your creativity.

This creativity, thinking, seeing, all forms an art, an art of photography.

An assumption on an artist

Consider an artist, when he wants to paint something. He relies entirely on his imagination. He starts working in the way his brain instructs him to and slowly he creates something beautiful.

Many times, the same artist paints a picture by completely changing it. He sees one thing, but he wishes to transform it into a different entity. The original piece stands firmly in its scale of beauty, but when the artist processes it, you can never see it as the same.

Same goes for photography, note that we don’t entirely rely on our imagination in photography, but it plays a more significant role in it. We see things which genuinely inspires us to capture it. Most of us take it as it is but others intend to change it or transform it into something completely different.

Those few numbers of us fiddle with our imagination, play with our gear, and finally, we pour our entire being into it hence creating something so worthy that it can never be seen the same as its original version again.

Seeing, imagining, creating and finally capturing. Those are four words which when practiced fully paves the way to becoming a great sensational photographer with the power of vision.

Photography comes from passion if you’re passionate about your work. Or in better words, if you’re loving of treating this as work and not just fool around, you’ll be able to reach a higher level.

There’s nothing wrong in treating it as a hobby. But many of us aspire to create careers from it. And you can’t achieve that if you treat it as a side thing. So yes, to be passionate about your work, in this case, is highly essential.

Now keep in mind that, it is not always about the gear. Photography can never achieve with just holding right equipment. No, you need to open your eyes and actually ‘see’ if you want to be a successful photographer.

A more about Photography

How do you actually ‘see’? For this purpose, you need to take control over yourself, you need to look for things or events or places that make you happy, which makes you sad, which inspires you, which makes you yearn for something great, but most of all, which makes you want to stand out in a crowd.

You have to change your level of thinking, you have to get outside the books, and you have to look at things differently. How? Again, you have to unleash your inner self. You have to look for beauty in the dirtiest slums, you have to see a sense of sadness in the brightest smiles, and you have to look for an artist in every being.

Just like your inspirations and feelings, you have to analyze everything else with theirs as well. Look for the things that make people happy, for the lights that keep the landscape serene, for the ripples that help to calm an ocean, for the shower of glamour that lights up the Hollywood.

Look, see, watch, and observe, everything and everyone including yourself. The best thing about photography is that it can make you and your subject happy. Your theme will be pleased because of obvious reasons.

But you will feel much more than happiness. You will feel triumphant, victorious and encouraged to aspire for more and eventually for best.

This level of passion, thrill, adrenaline is what makes a photographer tremendous and opening your inner eye is what defines photography and demands it to be stored in your memories as a souvenir forever.

Origins of Photography

As all of you can probably guess, the word ‘photo’ means light while the word ‘graph’ means the representation of lines. Altogether forming ‘representation of light.’

It is a Greek word. However, many have used the same word from specific roots. A legend says that Hercules Florence, a French painter from Brazil used the French form of this word namely ‘photographie’ in his works. Experts believe he wrote them somewhere around 1834.

Similarly, many others used the same word in their specific language in an attempt to give it a new name. However, it was Sir John Herschel who used the word for the first time in public hence confirming its existence for real.

History of Photography

The idea of photography was first created in the late 1000 A.D. by a Muslim scientist named Ibn-al-Haytham. He created a pinhole camera which would show us upside down images. They created pictures but couldn’t be touched or kept. This way was how they invented the idea of photography.

After this, they realized that one needs an obscure or a dark room to capture an image. It was a Joseph Nicephore Niepce who created the world’s first photograph by coating bitumen onto a piece of metal or glass. It wasn’t a colored photo, but it was something.

Later Niepce joined hands with Louise Daguerre, creating a new form of photography namely daguerreotype, a forerunner of modern film. The two worked for a long time together, and after niece’s death, Daguerre accomplished daguerreotype.

The method used was coating copper plate with silver which was then exposed to iodine vapors before presenting it to light and then exposing the daguerreotypes to light for 15 mins to create an image.

The photo taken was as follows

The daguerreotypes became very famous and later on replaced in the 1850s with emulsion plates or merely wet plates. For a time, these remained high on the billboard but then returned in the 1870s by gelatin process which was very beneficial and highly accepted around the globe.

However, the thought was unsatisfactory when people couldn’t get their hands on their cameras or carry them in their hands. For this particular reason, KODAK appeared in the 1880s. It was a company created by a wealthy man namely George Eastman which introduced several portable cameras and better images.

Nonetheless, at that time, it was too expensive for ordinary people to afford so only the rich of the rich and the best of the best could get their hands on it. Later on, in the 1940s the cameras were produced in such bulk that prices considerably fell and many could afford it.

The detailed history, as well as the first images, could be studied thoroughly on the internet. However, the following link provides great insights as well as a timeline of photographs from the first image to the very modern.

You can get your hands on a brief as well as a precise history of photography provided one is interested in doing so.

20 First Photos from the History of Photography

Types of Photography

Photography comes in different forms and genres. Just taking a picture is photography but there are different types into which you can classify this one picture. There are many categories of photography, which we are about to discuss as follows:

  • Aerial Photography
  • Landscape Photography
  • Wildlife Photography
  • Thunderstorm Photography
  • Rain Photography
  • Rainbow Photography
  • Black and White Photography
  • Architectural Photography
  • Panoramic Photography
  • Macro Photography
  • Photojournalism
  • Candid Photography
  • Forensic Photography
  • Event Photography
  • Fashion Photography
  • Infrared Photography
  • Newborn Photography
  • Colored Photography
  • Underwater Photography
  • Travel Photography

There are many more forms, other than these, of photography. It all depends upon the creativity of a particular person. Let’s discuss the above one by one.

Aerial Photography

Photography took from some distance or made from a particular angle above the ground employing highly accurate cameras, and air crafts are called aerial photography.

The photographs since taken from an angle provides an overall view of the scene beneath. You require a very highly precise camera is for this, i.e., you need a camera with fixed focal lengths, reasonable shutter speeds, and high-quality lens to capture an excellent aerial photograph.

Mostly though, planes, aircraft, drones, kites, etc. are used to take such photographs because these mediums can fly hundreds of kilometers above the ground and create a perfect angle to capture a good shot.

You can tilt your camera or maybe tilt your helicopter or aircraft to produce an angle. Note that word angle has been used a variety of times in this paragraph, the reason being that aerial photograph doesn’t work well without an edge.

If you’re flying above without creating an angle then your photograph will turn out to be average however if you aim for a corner, you’ll see that the pictures come off spectacularly.

Because of this point, we have defined types of aerial photography.

Oblique Photography

This photograph is shot by looking down at an angle to the ground. Or in other words, you have to take a picture from a particular perspective to the field by keeping the ground as your fixed point.

This point doesn’t mean you aim for an utterly upright stance instead you try and tilt yourself or your equipment to an angle. Several sub-types accompany this photography for example Low Oblique and High Oblique. However, we need not go into such details.

Vertical

As the name indicates, a photograph taken almost vertically from the ground is called the near vertical photography.

In oblique, we aimed at a specific angle avoiding the 90 degrees. Well in this, we strive for a 90 degrees shot or in other words pure straight towards the ground or vertical to the ground. It has specific types too: Straight Vertical and True Vertical.

Wide Shot

A type of aerial photography which aims to cover everything of its subject as well as the area surrounding it. For instance, if an organization wants to get a shot of their building along with the roads and area surrounding it to get a clear picture, they’ll opt for full shot photography.

Extensive shot photography is useful in planning infrastructure as you get the adequately calibrated version of the area you need. Also, you need a high metric camera for this as well as for the other types of aerial photography.

Close Up

This option coincides perfectly with oblique and near vertical type. It captures the rim of a specific subject and fill it possibly.

In clear context, pictures that you take from above filling the entire space not allowing any part of the surrounding or clear view of the full body of a subject. It just focuses on the region which is to be captured.

Panoramic

This type has an extreme difficulty definition on the internet. It merely is taking many pictures of the scene in front of you and drawing them together hence creating a long panoramic shot capturing every single intricate detail.

Panoramic has got to be my favorite out of all these types as it gives you a full inch photo of an entire scenic view without the end to eliminate anything. However, you need to be ultimately precise to capture such a shot hence getting an exact panoramic view is sometimes impossible.

Ortho-Rectified

Possibly the only one where our vast knowledge gives up. However, the internet says that this type of photography is best used for mapping or correcting topographic faults by indication.

Safe to say this links with near and correct vertical form of photography, but the difference is that commoners or beginners don’t have to use it. Professionals or architects mainly use it or planning people for their work.

Advantages of Aerial Photography

Its primary uses are in:

  • Cartography.
  • Topographic plans.
  • Land-use planning.
  • Architecture.
  • Movie productions.
  • Environmental planning.
  • Conveyancing.
  • Artistic projects.
  • Advertising.

Some examples of aerial photography are as follows.

Landscape Photography

Landscapes are beautiful, amazing and breathtaking. Majority of us enjoy taking snaps of stunning views. In fact, many of us want a career in this type of photography. The landscape is the most beautiful form of photography, but it’s got to be the most difficult one according to my opinion.

You see it’s not that simple to capture the true essence of a landscape. Even professionals struggle with receiving that ‘wow’ result. The reason behind this is simple: lights.

Yes, there is a lot of light outside in an open view so capturing the perfect picture with just the right amount of light can sometimes prove to be very difficult.

Here, a beginner needs to understand the core value of photography, i.e., he needs to be a bit familiar with the terms ISO, SHUTTER, and APERTURE. Three essential terms upon which the pillar of photography rests.

However no need to fret about it if you’re clueless. The way I learned to take good landscapes was through practice. Yes, a tedious procedure but no doubt a beneficial one.

To achieve the perfect landscapes, you need to travel more, go for a drive to the unknown places, and try using google maps if you must.

Experiment with your gear, take photos of any scape you find then test it in different modes or other words, change the lighting, exposure, ISO, etc. and see how the photo looks in different ways.

Tips for taking Landscape Photography

Don’t just wait for the perfect weather, take a chance in the most dangerous climates. After all, it is the storms that produce the best rainbows. Try different angles, take a photo from one corner then move onto others.

Take many photos and eventually see which captures your interest the most. Usually, photographers when capturing landscapes, reduce the lightning for their photos. They manage a great scene, but the beginners when going for the same trick fail miserably.

The reason is that mostly the lightning is reduced to its lowest form and the rest of the applications to their original ones. When experimenting with light, you have to keep in mind your ISO too.

You should adjust the ISO at high according to your favorable desires if the lightning is at low. Fiddle with exposure, change it to high and low and see which one fits your landscape. It would be a great shame if you travel hundreds of kilometers to capture a perfect breathtaking scenery and you come back with a boring, bland one.

Yes, nature exhibits its beauty but you are a photographer, your imagination must go sideways with creativity if you ever aspire to be the best. So, the list of essentials to remember when you look out for landscapes are:

List of essentials to remember on Landscape Photography

Bring all your equipment

Your entire gear should be with you, prepare yourself at every point. Make sure you have all of your stuff. Otherwise, it’s entirely useless to carry on.

Research the location before

Be spontaneous, but a little research on the situation is for your good as you can get a rough sketch in your mind about the possible outcomes you will face. Also, by knowing your area a bit, your brain will start jotting ideas before you even reach your point which might help you over there.

Check for the weather and timings

Usually, the weather doesn’t harm much, if your perfect sunny day transforms into clouds and rain then don’t worry too much as rain and clouds give off its beauty and favor more sometimes.

By timings, I mean check the schedules for sunrise and sunset. You can take the best photographs usually at the crack of dawn and twilight zone so try using it to your advantage.

Consider the horizon

If you are aiming for landscapes with water body around it, then try including the reflection of the sky in water in your photographs. This point is indeed professional level photography.

But by practicing shots, you can get one in a single go. It doesn’t have to be perfect, but it can be something. And who knows? You might perfect it right there which will include another skill to your list.

Focus on your lights

Make sure the lighting is perfect in your camera else your landscapes won’t do you much good. As mentioned before the lighting combined with the ISO and the adjustment of shutter gives way to remarkable photos.

As a beginner, your first step should be to adjust your camera on manual mode. You can tease the camera settings a bit. Once you get the hang of it a little, then the automatic method won’t be a problem. In fact, then you’ll probably work more with manual mode and prefer it everywhere.

One last thing

The last thing to engrave in your mind is not to give up at all. The first time will be difficult. You’ll get frustrated with the lack of results. You would need to fiddle with your settings more, but you mustn’t give up. Remember, practice makes a man perfect.

The first few times, your shots might not be having that ‘wow’ feature, but slowly and gradually you’ll get to it. So be patient and appreciate your efforts. Following are some examples of landscape photography.

Wildlife Photography

Animals, probably the cutest form of nature you’ll ever see hence, I can understand the twitching you get when you look at a fluffy rabbit run by or a cute squirrel prodding away at a nut. Wildlife photography is the study of the photos of animals.

This has got to be the most challenging photography as here you need to consider a lot of things. Yes, it isn’t easy to capture the perfect photos of animals.

Now I know what you’re thinking, that beginners should practice first, take random shots, etc. while that is without a doubt true, it should also be kept in mind that now is the time to perfect your skill and learn the essentials.

Once you ignore the essentials, then you can never get back to them. So it’s better to have command on the essential rules when it comes to wildlife photography, trust me when I say, you won’t regret it ever.

Things to know about Wildlife Photography

When it comes to wildlife, you must keep in mind that these are not something you control. Their actions drive them. They will stand, they will walk, they will run, and in some cases, they will pounce. So how to achieve their best stances and actions?

Well, you have to study them first. Yes, boring but again essential. As a beginner, this is definitely must for you to consider. If you plan on getting snaps of park animals like squirrels and birds and other creatures.

You are required to make a full, thorough study on them. Learn what drives them away, what catches their attention, learn about their movement, their quirks, their weaknesses and their strengths. The more you know about a creature, the better.

As discussed above, these are animals so you can’t expect them to make poses for you. Rather it is you who have to do the ultimate work. You have to look for the perfect area, the perfect boulder, all the while keeping in mind the time frame, because one moment the animal will be right in front of your eyes and the next it will scurry off to a nearby bush or tree.

Here in such cases, the knowledge of rule of thirds is highly important. We will discuss this rule in full detail but for now, remember that the rule of thirds is something which can enable great photos if mastered carefully.

Time to spend on Wildlife Photography

For wildlife photography, patience is a necessity. You have to stay with the animal and be there when it takes a good leap. You might have to stay for hours, maybe the entire day but it will be worth it when the animal you want will be captured perfectly in your camera.

Many photographers would spend 5 to 6 hours to obtain some action from the animal. So if you’re looking for something quick, then this is not for you.

The next important feature is to know your gear. Yes, it is utmost necessary for you to master your gear for this type of photography. You need to know the type of lens used for birds, the amount of focus required for face captured animals, the amount of lighting you need.

Everything your camera does is what you should be aware of which is why this makes for one of the most difficult forms of photography. Even as a beginner, you have to master all your techniques, and it still won’t be enough when you eventually get to the field.

The best time for wildlife photography is early in the morning as the lighting is just favorable to the eyes at that moment as well as our moods automatically liven up and we enjoy our work more.

Points to keep in mind when photographing wildlife

Master your gear

Know the tiny intricate details it offers, works with them, and play with them till you understand every step of it.

Be quick

Keep in mind that you have to be extremely quick when it comes to animals, so make sure that you remain energized. You might have to run or creep or stay completely silent for hours at the same time making sure the animal doesn’t escape your grasp.

Explore new levels

Once you’ve mastered your gear, then it’s time to break the rules a little. What I mean is, once you learn the necessities then try to break out of them and explore new levels. What makes wildlife extremely difficult is that many photographers have captured the animals with the same essence.

Hence leaving no room for creativity, since photography is all about creativity so make sure you use some of it in your snaps otherwise it will look bland and like every other snap out there.

Be patient

The most important rule in wildlife photography. I have mentioned this three times in this paragraph so you should know that if I’m emphasizing it, then this could be important to consider.

Patience is very important as animals might sometimes run off or other times look completely uninterested hence not giving the perfect vibe for a photo.

You might have to stay for them for a lot of hours to get them to do something and then when they do, make sure you’re there to capture that moment. If you’re unable to capture then don’t give up as the fruit of patience is always the sweetest.

Enjoy your work

Don’t get too messed up in technical difficulties. Be aware of the moment; sometimes you’re actions will drive the animals to do something capture worthy. Hence live every single grain of it.

Knowledge about animals

Just like your gear, you should master your knowledge regarding the animals as well. Keep in mind that by knowing or uncovering the secrets of an animal. You’re getting one step closer to developing a good bond with it, and a good bond creates good photos.

 

Many photographers go through every single bit of research to prepare themselves when it comes to animals when in field hence you should do the same. Start slow and eventually learn a lot.

Here are some of the examples of wildlife photography:

Thunderstorm Photography

Thunderstorms, just the name creates mixed sensations in our bodies. As the name indicates, the photographing of harsh lightening and storms is called thunderstorm photography. Thunderstorm photography is the type many tend to ignore because of lack of interest.

But here’s the thing, once you get a hang of it a little, you’ll realize that this type of photography comes with a package of adventure, fun, thrill, and danger. Yes, this type of photography is fun, but it’s extremely dangerous too. So one should be prepared at all times.

Many of us are thunder fanatics, and we want to capture the perfect light illuminating the sky along with its entangled webs. However, keep in mind that no photographer has yet captured a completely perfect thunder without the help of Photoshop. Why is that? Well, wherever there is thunder, there is heaps of rain, and in some cases, there are hails.

Not only do you have to find a spot which can shelter you from the lightning but you have to look for a spot which can give you a perfect click on it as well. All in all, safety and work go hand in hand which can be managed when photographing other stuff but will be extremely difficult when photographing thunders.

Preparation for Thunderstorm photography

The word preparation plays a big role in this type of photography. You have to have extra clothes, extra cash for emergencies, and some paper towels for your camera; a tripod stand to carry out your equipment.

The best place to capture lightning from is your car. Since it is dangerous to be in open fields or hills or near a tree during lighting, hence it’s advisable to stay in your car and take a picture from there.

For the camera, you can use plastic bags and cut a hole in it long enough to let the lens peak out. Your focus should be at infinity, and your shutter should be prepared according to the given circumstances. Most photographers go for B-shutters when capturing thunder.

More about Thunder Photography

The exposure is something which we can’t help you with as that is something you need to figure out on your own. Basically, everything in case of a thunder has to be figured out by you because when it comes to thunderstorms everyone has their own ideas and imagination also the camera works differently in variable situations.

Some places the storms are at their peak while in others it might not be that dangerous hence the best way to master it is to experiment with it. Keep on capturing shots of lighting whenever you get the chance and slowly you’ll understand the type of mode or setting you want.

The only thing that is completely evident is the focus which must be at infinity and the shutter should be at its maximum too.

Following points are to be kept in mind when shooting lighting:

Stay in touch with the weather forecast

Yes, make sure you know when the thunder is supposed to strike so you can prepare for it beforehand. If you don’t follow this, then you might miss it completely or rather fail to get the full-fledged thunder shot.

Be ready for an adventure

Prepare for an adventure, follow the storm, sometimes you have to drive to a variety of locations to get the perfect click. So always be ready for an adventure, this is actually essential for such photography as sometimes the storm varies from place to place. By driving out to different locations, you get a more clear idea and your pictures turn out to be vibrant.

Be safe

Always make sure you’re safe. Never and I mean never take photos of a storm in open field. It is extremely dangerous and can cause imminent death if struck. Also your equipment is more likely to be metal and working with metal in open field doubles your chances so it is definitely advisable to look for a safe place first.

Avoid open fields, hills, trees, standing near pole lines or electricity poles, your houses. As mentioned above, the best place to take a photo of lighting is from your car window.

Knowledge of Photoshop

Photoshop is important for this type of photography. You can never expect to get a beautiful click of the thunder. Why? Because there’s a lot of rain, sometimes it is accompanied by hails. Either way there will be disturbance in your photos which you can’t help with.

You will realize it as soon as you start working in the rain. No matter what you do, sometimes your lens will get smeared with rain. Due to this, it will give you the blur images.

Other times, you’ll get a disrupted image because of the wind. You need lots of patience with this one. Hence to get that one perfect click is next to impossible unless if you’re extremely professionals but even those face a lot of difficulties.

Since this is beginner level, so keep in mind that unless and until you have Photoshop skills; only then you can get a satisfactory image, otherwise not.

Try to use a used camera

There is a chance that while taking a picture, you can accidentally destroy your camera. The rough weather can damage your camera and you cannot use it next time for another venture. So when thinking of clicking a thunder, try to take an already used camera with you.

It will be easier to function as it has been used already. Also if it gets damaged then it won’t cost you a lot of money. A used camera is good for such shots not because of its economic reasons but because of the fact that the buttons and dials are usually softened up because of the touch so analyzing it quickly makes it easier.

You can use your best cameras as well but remember there is a possibility of permanent damage. Following are some of the examples:

              

Rain Photography

The photographs in which the rain is the common background is called rain photography. The word ‘rain’ is something which can scare off everyone with a camera. Beginners and professionals alike don’t prefer the rain as it can damage your gear forever.

However, there are still some out there who loves the rain and try to make the best of it by creating good pictures in the rain.

One of it has to be me! Yes, your gear can get damage but with some safety measures, you’re good to go. Also, the rain gives way to some spectacular photographs. Rain happens to the perfect symbol of love, drama, happiness, gloominess, all in one.

It is the perfect chaos but also it’s the calm that one needs after a hot wave. Very few are lucky to catch the changing moods of rain. Once out in the street during the rain, you might even enjoy yourself.

Rain Photography among Professionals

Rain photography isn’t much popular among the professionals. Usually, beginners tend to go for it so as to unlock some other heavy features of their camera. Professionals do consider it but they’d much prefer sunlight over rain any day.

Notice that whenever it’s raining, the lighting reduces considerably. In some cases, there is dark around you. However, you can use this to your advantage by setting your camera with just the right amounts of ISO or aperture and you’ll be able to capture the perfect drops.

One of the main photographers of rain is ART WOLFE. He travels a lot in jungles of various countries and gets the perfect click of rain as well as nature. His pictures give you the idea of capturing creativity in rain.

Now since rain proves to be a bit challenging to enhance your creativity upon, that is why many back out but they seem to forget that even the slightest dribble can give way to extraordinary beauty.

Some of the things to consider when photographing in the rain

Protect your gear

Nowadays, very nice lens covers are available in the market to protect your camera lens. However this doesn’t mean that you only go for the lens covers and other fancy stuff. You can always protect your camera through your hoodie or jacket or a plastic bag.

Also many cameras invented nowadays are weather resistant but it’s still advisable to take care of the equipment just in case. Also, such equipment comes in hefty price so it’s better to use a second handed camera with safety measures applied.

Wait for rain

Don’t go packing when the rain slightly changes its behavior, rather embrace it. Rain always creates drama. So, cover that one splash, that one dash for the telephone booth or some other shelter.

Feel the rain in its literal sense, you’ll realize that the moods which we work upon quite diligently appears right in front of us during the rain. Moreover, the amount of emotions you can capture is immense.

Some people thoroughly enjoy it, others suffer from distress. You can capture every detail perfectly without any problem.

Carry an umbrella with you

When you’re expecting rain, then it’s advisable to carry an umbrella. You can capture a variety of modes for a longer period without getting drenched or getting your gear in trouble.

With an umbrella, you can relax and might want to work for a longer period. As discussed above, rain creates a sense of drama so you can capture every single face of it if you stay longer.

Try to capture the single drop image

For a beginner, this might seem as the most difficult job but majority of the learning as well as the learnt photographers have mastered this. Its better if you do too, work on your focus. See which mode fits best, again simply play with your camera.

The rain comes in quite a bulk so hopefully by the end of the drizzle, you’d have captured a single droplet. Here your main work lies with focus, your movement, time and precision.

How much your focus work, how you control your movement to capture that one essence, how quick you are indulging the camera within the movements of rain and how precise you are in getting the final image.

Camera is only a machine

Yes, your camera despite its functions and efforts and work, it’s still just a machine so go easy on it. Even if it is splash resistant, be sure to protect it a bit after some time in the drizzle.

The cameras contain small wires and dials. Sometimes the screen damages a bit, other time some wire inside it and so on. Either way one single thorn has enough power to bloody your entire finger so be careful.

Be patient

Don’t give up, granted we’ve discussed it over and over again. It is important because as a beginner one wants to achieve an amazing result on the first go. It is possible but sometimes unattainable.

Be patient, even if you have managed to get the perfect droplets, you’ll discover much more on every turn.

One last thing

Lastly, don’t ignore the nature when photographing rain. Many out there are fond of street photography when it comes to rain. However keep in mind that rain and nature are a good combination and go sideways.

Also they have the ability to completely enable the element of awe in a person. Every single theme has its secret. Rain will reveal it but you have to observe it extremely carefully if you want to capture it.

Because if it was easy then everyone can do it. Hence, do not ignore your nature with the rain.

Some examples of rain photography are as follows:

Rainbow Photography

The type of photography which completes the definition of magical. Rainbow photography can be very tricky and extremely difficult for a beginner to capture. However, I can give you some nice tips and hopefully you’ll be able to capture one perfectly.

Before we start, let me tell you more about the rainbow photography. While photography is all about imagination and creation, we have a third element included too.

However, we tend to ignore it because of the way people criticize it. That third element is magical. Now, this isn’t some fairy tale true.

But ask yourself, when you get the perfect picture, it contains realism, quality, and creativity. But there is something else too on which you can’t quite put your hands. Well that my friends is ‘magical’.

Rainbow photography is for those people who believe in a little fairy tale situation. The formation of Rainbows happens when the sun refracts or reflects the light emitted from a droplet.

To capture it, you need precision, stillness, gear and of course a tiny bit of luck. Sometimes spotting it can be difficult. Other times you can spot it in situations which you can deem difficult. So you see, the luck part works sideways with this.

Following are some the tips to keep in mind while photographing a rainbow

Timing

When you spot a bit of moisture in the atmosphere or when you feel rain coming close by, then it’s the perfect time for rainbow. Drive around or walk around and find a suitable location for photographing a rainbow.

Sometimes a rainbow appears before a thunderstorm so keep a lookout for it before one.

Find the perfect background

Now when you’ve spotted the rainbow, make sure to get the perfect photo. How to do that? Well, the first thing to consider is to find a perfect background. If by any chance you spot a rainbow on a landscape then make sure to include the landscape.

Make sure to include it in a way that the rainbow doesn’t fade out. In most cases, the background is supposed to be bland or dull. It is because then the rainbow will stand out but it depends upon your area.

If your background happens to be the sky, then make sure to capture it in such a way that the rainbow, as well as sky, is enhanced. If it is around the waterfall, then include a bit of it in your frame creatively, you’ll be glad to do so.

Remember photography is all about creativity so be creative when you spot a rainbow. Examine your surrounding carefully and contemplate which way to get the brighter rainbow along with a good background.

Positions to photograph

There are a variety of positions to photograph a rainbow. Some capture right from the middle of the arc, others from the sides. You can even try to capture the entire circle.

If you want to focus on the middle of the arc, then you have to work harder to capture beauty with it. But if you merely want an arc then, make sure the colors of the rainbow are vivid. If you’re going to capture the sides, then add a sense of uniformity in that picture.

Also, make sure the background forms with it a little.

My favorite part or position would be to focus on the sides of the rainbow intersecting with some object or anything at all. That way you get a perfect arc along with a splendid background.

Now for a beginner, capturing the entire circle is next to impossible. Sometimes you need to capture it via aerial ways and other times you need extreme precision for that.

Usage of gear

Your gear needs to be completely still when photographing a rainbow. Usually carrying out this task with your hand becomes extremely difficult. So, it’s better to carry it out with a tripod stand.

A tripod stand in case of the rainbow photography is important. It gives you the proper balance, and the stillness one needs to carry out the task.

Make sure your camera is on low aperture. In other words, lower the depth, the more chances you have of capturing the most vivid rainbows.

The next thing to keep in mind is your exposure. We need proper exposure for this. So if you want a perfect blend, make sure your camera has this filter.

This is extremely beneficial for capturing rainbows in the sky. You use your exposure on the sky hence giving it a perfect look. Your rainbow appears wide and vivid with a burst of colors.

If it’s still raining, then you might want to cover your gear up. We have already covered this in rain photography but a little heads up never harm anybody.

Your luck

As discussed, luck is entirely important when it comes to rainbows. Since rainbow itself are magical even though they have been explained a lot more times scientifically, so luck is needed equally.

Sometimes, you’ll come across places with the perfect rainbows, and it would be a shame if you haven’t gotten your camera with you. Other times, while you’re busy setting your gear the rainbow will disappear off between the clouds.

And sometimes, no matter how still you are, you won’t be able to capture the right thing. For this purpose, I can give you one tip. Experiment or in other words practice.

Keep on doing so, and one day you’ll get a great picture featuring the rainbow.

Create your Rainbow

If by any chance you desperately want to photograph a rainbow, and you can’t seem to spot one then create your own. All it takes is some mist, water hose, and sunlight.

The next thing you know a small band of colors will form for sure giving you the ultimate opportunity of capturing the rainbow.

Following are some of the examples of rainbow photography which can help create a picture in your mind and possibly help you in your ventures of capturing the rainbow itself:

                                   

Black and White Photography

Black and White photography or simply the monochrome photography is one of my favorites. When you convert an image from its colored form to black and white is what we call monochrome photography.

While many of us struggle with this type of photography, others seem to deal with as if it’s a piece of cake which it is if you follow some simple tips. Black and white is the type of photography which has been going side by side with us for quite a long time.

The concept of black and white has been etched in our brains ever since the old movies. If you desperately want to succeed with black and white photos, I suggest you start watching some old classic movies first.

They will do nothing more than enhance your vision and you’ll be able to picture a colored background into simple monochromatic ones. Nowadays cameras offer a lot of tools which we overlook because of our lack of knowledge in it.

However, we tend to forget that everything is there for a reason and so you can create good black and white images from your camera easily.

The tricks to obtain it are simple, lets discuss them one by one

Picture your background

Black and white is something difficult to achieve in a world full of colors. So, my first tip would be to imagine your desired background in black and white. Once you do, you get an idea of what to achieve while you’re working on it.

Click a colored photo first

The next thing that is essential is to make sure to get a colored photo first. And then try it in black and white modes. This provides us the benefits of creative imagination.

It helps us to differentiate and ultimately choose the best. It gives us a clear option ‘nature or man-made’.

Click in RAW and JPEG format

Have you ever noticed the option of RAW in your camera? Well if you haven’t, then now is the good time to introduce yourself to it. Usually, when photographers go for monochrome, they take a photo and then convert it into RAW.

But this was done in early times. You should know that now you can shoot RAW photos along with JPEG directly from your cameras. They will give you a good click in monochrome.

These features are available in every camera nowadays. By using it, you’ll realize how special it is. It gives a whole new form to your pictures. So if going for black and white, RAW and JPEG should be your starting points.

Work on contrasts

Contrasts are vital for a good black and white photo. You have to work sincerely on your contrast making skills when taking such photos. Here’s how your imagination comes handy.

Once you analyze a picture in blacks and whites, you get a raw idea as to how it would turn out. Avoid using monochrome contrasts when taking pictures of small flowers along with grass or tiny mushrooms and other little plants.

The reason is that such plants or things are already creating their contrast with nature. And nature is best in all forms. When you change it, it becomes something dull boring and bland and who wants such photos? No one. So contrasting skills are extremely important.

Make sure to use them in places where you have a hard background with good lines and curves. The contrasts create a fine texture and all in all you get good photos.

Good exposure

Exposure is your friend when you’re hunting for black and white. However, there are places where you have to be careful to use such amount which blends your photo.

The difficult part of getting black and white photos is that mostly they come out as bland and dull. And we have to avoid the word dull at every cost.

Too much exposure will be bad as well as too little. In my opinion, one should use little exposure. But make sure to apply it just before the photo to see what suits it.

Use Filters and polarizing effects

Filters and polarizing effects sincerely help us in our black and white ventures. You can use filters, see which one works with your pictures the best. You can add a few polarizing effects giving life to a black and white photo.

The tricky part is that sometimes the photo speaks volumes, other times it is silenced completely. To ensure that your photo looks lively, despite the colors, is to choose the one with lots of hurdles in it.

By this, I mean that if you apply a filter and polarizing effects on the open sky, for instance, the photo immediately becomes ugly.

Whereas, if you apply it on a messed sky or basically when there’s a thunderstorm nearby, then the amount of volumes it speaks is unimaginable.

Photoshop skills

Lastly, you will require your Photoshop skills in these. However, you will only need the easiest methods and not the complicated ones. These you can quickly master after watching some tutorials.

According to many photographers, Silver Efex Pro 2 is the best platform to create black and white images. Personally, I have never used it, so my knowledge regarding it is not adequate.

Keep in mind that Photoshop won’t reduce that original effect you’re trying to achieve. It simply brings out its vibrant colors and transforms something ordinary into extraordinary.

Black and white photos can come out great with just a few steps as mentioned above. If you don’t analyze your photo in black and white, then there are high chances of not getting the perfect photo.

Remember, it can either be great, or it can be completely boring. So, it’s up to you to use your skills accordingly and see which you prefer. It definitely won’t be a bad one so try the above tips before you settle for a monochrome image.

Following are some of the images by photographers around who have managed to get exquisite photos at the same not losing the element of voicing out thoughts:

                              

Architectural Photography

Architectural photography is the type where you capture buildings, designs some other structures which are similar to their subjects, etc. This type of photography doesn’t prove to be quite tedious to many as compared to others.

It is because, with the building in front of you, you almost have a clear idea how you want your picture to be. You should consider a few things regarding your gear. But all in all, you are good to go for it any time.

Mostly architects take pictures of their supposed building to get a clear idea where they need more improvements or accuracy. Photographers seldom look for inspiration in buildings.

Don’t get me wrong, many do, but majority usually go for landscape or other types. Personally, I love photographing historic or ancient buildings. Moreover, the first photo taken by me turns out to be architectural.

Capturing the building in the form of a photo can be easy. But it can be quite tricky if you aim for something more than just the bland building. However, I wouldn’t call it too complicated or impossible to go for.

A few things must be considered when aiming for architectural photography

Find a location

Make sure you have a location in your mind. Now simply walking around is also considered. But if you already have a certain location you want to film in your mind, then it makes things easier.

You already probably know about the building hence you know which form brings out the most of it. Whether the building gives off a good vibe during the day or the night is what you already are aware of. So, clicking away shouldn’t be a problem.

Study the building

If you’re unaware of the building, then spend some time studying it. Maybe learn its history or background. See if there is a story attached to it. It will give your work the benefit of speaking for itself. So yes, researching a bit wouldn’t hurt.

Also, once done with your research, spend some time contemplating it. Look at it during the day and then come back for it during the night. Examine it thoroughly; you’ll find it works great for your photos later on.

Usually, there are buildings which are simple during the day but shine out during the night. That’s why thorough research is advised to capture the building in its entirety.

Carry your gear

Keep your gear with you at all times when you’re exploring the buildings. You never know when inspiration might strike and the urge to take a photo might arise.

Hence, keeping your gear with you at all times gives you the advantage of clicking away small structures. You might also take a good photo when the opportunity arises.

Check out the weather

Weather shouldn’t be a problem when it comes to photographing buildings. Usually, sunny skies or clear skies make the building quite simple. But the same building in bad weather will be the most eye-catching ones.

So when a storm or intense rain or wind is about to hit, then you should go out and look for the building that looks great in them. Make sure to take some safety precautions along the way but all in all you should be fine.

Usually, historic buildings or churches become extremely eye-catching in time of the rain or black cloudy weather. Photographing them in that form brings out they’re most as compared to their simplest forms during clear weather. So if there’s rain threatening to pour the day you want to photograph the building, then don’t let it stop you at all.

Good camera and lens

Make sure your gear is at the top mark when photographing buildings. You cannot expect to capture great photographs with simple cameras. Granted you might get good pictures but not photographer worthy ones.

You need extra wide lens or fish eyes lens for such photographs. If your camera supports such lens then fine, otherwise I suggest you get one that does. Buildings need to be captured perfectly with their full impacts, a fish lens or wide lens can help you achieve them with plain accuracy.

ISO settings

The ISO feature in your cameras should be settled to low when capturing buildings. The reason is that a lot of light enables the photo to lose its essence when it comes to buildings.

In some cases, high ISOs work perfectly, but I wouldn’t recommend it at all. However, it again depends on circumstances and the way a person perceives things. One might capture the perfect photo with high ISO while other might not.

You can always change it in your settings, but the majority of the photographers out there recommend low ISO.

Use Panorama feature

In some cases, you aren’t able to get the entire picture of the building hence not giving you the ultimate satisfaction. Under those circumstances, panoramic feature in the camera proves to be quite useful.

You can always stitch up a variety of shots together making one single frame. With panoramic, there is no chance of a photo looking fake or too much.

Filter your photos

Retouch your photos by filtering them a little. It doesn’t mean to change their look completely but add a few minor details. It can include sharpening them, creating better contrasts, balancing the auto white setting and using a bit of exposure.

This provides the perfect dynamic for the photos. And you will easily notice the difference between the pre and post editing pictures. The enhancement which will favor your photos in the post section will be ten times better than the pre-editing ones.

Crop the photos

Cropping in case of tightly assigned buildings standing together isn’t a problem either. In fact in such

photographs, you can hardly point whether you have cropped them or not.

So if you feel the need to crop your photos then don’t hesitate in doing so. Sometimes the background doesn’t match or other problems we face that makes cropping necessary.

Following are some examples of architectural photography:

                      

Panoramic Photography

Panoramic photography is stitching up two or more photos together to create one big photo. It is the type of photography which is highly favored by almost all photographers, beginners and professionals alike.

Usually, we take pictures of buildings or landscapes or anything else in pieces. It is because as our cameras do not support such huge frame. For this purpose, panoramic is used. You can take a lot of photos of a particular building and then stitch it up together forming a panorama of one big picture.

If taken correctly, the panorama doesn’t feel like separate images bound together and the sense of realism shrieks from every corner. It is favored by architects around the world too. They are always in need of a bigger frame so panoramic helps them to achieve their goal.

For beginners, this is very beneficial. By learning the ways of a panorama, you’ll be able to gather more sense into your photos. You would be able to distinguish pretentious from mundane. There are no special tricks when it comes to panoramic photography.

At least I haven’t noticed much difference. The rules are the same as used above for any other picture. The difference being all those applied for a picture consisting of only one while this consists of gazillions.

Some points to consider while photographing for panoramic feature

Study your surroundings

Make sure to analyze your surroundings. If your panoramic came off with different features, then it might not be considered a good one. Each photo would create its path.

But it’s still advisable to try clear backgrounds without any sign of disturbance. This rule is not for every type of photography out there, just a few like architectural or landscape.

Provided you can create some good shots in these as well but make sure you don’t lose the originality.

Good lens

Your gear should contain all the essential elements needed for a panoramic. The most important being lens. You need wide front lens or fish eyes lens.

Do not hope to achieve a panoramic with something other than these. You will need to create a huge frame. And that frame would be non-existent if your pictures came out bland or of poor quality and texture.

Carry a Tripod stand

Make sure to carry a tripod stand with you. A Tripod stand is important when it comes to a panoramic shot. You need your camera to be void of any movements or disturbances as well as slight errors.

You need to be completely still when it comes to taking multiple pictures for a panoramic shot. Since our hands usually waver especially during multiple shots, so it’s better to use a tripod stand for precision. A tripod stand can give you nice photos for a panoramic view.

Use wide frame

A panoramic shot must be of a wide frame. Many take a lot of photos, but the frame altogether proves to be a very small one for a panorama.

Hence, make sure that the panorama you plan on achieving is wider and bigger. Besides, we’ve all heard of the bigger, the better. I don’t know about anything else, but in case of a panorama, you won’t regret your choice of having a wide frame.

Filters in Landscape

In case of a landscape, avoid using multiple filters or different modes no matter how wonderful it looks. The way a pure natural landscape stand is the way a filtered one can only dream to achieve.

Landscapes are known for their natural beauties and originality. And when making a panorama out of it, it’s bound to become even more breathtaking. But nature has its way of presenting itself.

So, make sure you don’t ruin it by adding extra stuff to it despite being majorly talented or creative. You can use it for your idle pleasure. But if you want to achieve something on a professional level then avoid adding any fake filter to it.

You can use slight stuff to sharpen your images or completely change it by transforming it to monochrome. Although, do not change its modes in one panorama.

Use of filters

In every other sense of photography, you’re allowed to use your filters, modes, exposures and whatever else you plan on using. You can create amazing panoramas with your skill as well.

You can use it in architecture or to show different modes of weather. Or maybe the different faces of a certain building etc. Also, you can enhance, sharpen and enliven your panorama by adding a little bit color or filter to it.

But my advice would be to avoid showing different modes in one panorama.

Knowledge of Photoshop

Photoshop is necessary everywhere when it comes to photography. Many people manage great photos without Photoshop as well. But those who use it has photos of the top level.

Panorama is wide frame photograph of combined photos so using a bit of your Photoshop skills won’t hurt it. In fact just like filters, Photoshop can enhance your panorama and reduce that little fragments of error surrounding it.

However, if you’re not familiar with Photoshop skills, then I suggest you avoid it but if you are then sure to use that talent for good.

All in all panoramic photos don’t have many conditions and rules to go through. Rather it’s the simplest and most amusing forms of photography.

By being creative, you can surely make some good panoramas. It doesn’t have to consist of only landscapes or buildings. It could consist of various graffiti arts, perhaps modes of weather, stages of life, colored vassals and so on.

Also, a wide frame makes it easier to bring different moments shared together as one. Nowadays trends as such are famous on social media anyway. Photography is all about saving memories as well, so this particular feature completes that step as well.

Here are some examples of panoramic shots :

Macro Photography

It is the art of photographing small things like insects, plants, jewelry, etc. by making them appear bigger. The word ‘Macro’ means large. This feature is installed on every camera nowadays to take exquisite photos of small creature or items by enlarging them.

Both photographers and beginners favor the macro photography highly. The reason is that macro photography enables you to look more closely, find a new treasure, explore new entities.

You can transform a simple bug into an extraordinary creature by this feature. Similarly, a small plant can be given an entirely new shape, texture and look with the help of this feature.

As much as it’s fun to use, the more it is limited in our cameras. In other words, macro photography requires a macro feature which is only available best in the DSLRs.

Other digital cameras do contain the feature, but you would never get the same results. How many of you have dreamed of enlarging insects or being like those professional photographers that shows a clear, vivid image of a tarantula or ladybug or rain droplets falling from leaves? The thought is always nice to ponder upon.

If you surf the internet, your passion for it increases. Not at the beginning but after getting a little hang of photography. Every beginner wants to achieve the learning of this feature.

It’s not that hard or complicated. The rules for it are simple. But this type requires a great amount of patience and a thrive for adventure.

If you are not the type to explore then this feature might not be for you. You can still take macro photographs of other items but which is better? Some ornament or a complete figure of an insect, no matter how creepy it looks or how much it irks you.

Following are some of this tips one should keep in mind when going for macro photography

Macro type Lens

Make sure the lens you use is of macro type. Such lenses are available in the market in wide ranges. It comes off in 50mm to 200mm. One can easily get their hands on a camera containing macro lens ranging from 50 to 80mm.

However, this range doesn’t give you the desired result. It will enlarge your photos and create a dynamic approach to it. But, if you want a clearer form of a picture, I recommend buying the one ranging from 100 to 150mm.

Using this range lenses, you will be able to spot the undeniable difference, the way your image will come out remains crystal clear.

However, such range lenses are extremely expensive. If financial means is stopping you then go for the ones in the range of 50 to 80mm. Yes, you would be able to get good macro photos with it, but you need to work a little extra as compared to the ones having a higher range of lenses.

High exposure

You need high exposure and increased shutter speed for this type. Nowadays, DSLRs consists of macro option in their cameras. Once you set your camera on macro, you are unable to change your exposure or shutter speeds.

Fortunately, some cameras do offer this privilege, but they come in an expensive range. The solution to this problem will be to simply let the camera work if it contains an automated system. And then fix whatever feature you need to fix by editing.

You can add up some exposure to your picture. The shutter shouldn’t be much of a problem because even in a macro sense, the camera offers such work on its own.

And if you have the type of camera which allows you to fiddle with shutter and exposure even in macro form then adjust them by increasing the shutter speed and the exposure to get better results.

Diopters

One of the most important things to consider when photographing macro. This is the principle item needed for such photography. In this, you add a filter to your lens.

Those filters are measured in diopters and provide the basic necessity needed for macro photography. These come in a variety of measures. They vary for every type of camera and lens.

So, make sure to consult the internet or some proper source or cameras before you buy one. These diopters help you in getting the precise picture. You will see a clear difference in pictures with and without the diopter function.

Macro Photography is incomplete without this, no matter how many times you adjust the settings, lens, shutters, etc. If you don’t have a diopter, then your macro photography would be bland and dull. So if you can, then make sure to buy some.

Maintain the focus

For macro photography focus is highly important. You need to maximize your focus to the point where you get the perfect clear view of the micro.

However, after some desired amount and trust me when I say that’s a huge amount, your focus stops increasing. You all have noticed it, after a certain point your focus stops. While you can achieve great things with such focus, you can achieve an even remarkable result with multiplied focus.

Question is: how? Simple, all you have to do is add some extension tubes to the camera. And you’ll have your focus multiplied to an even better range.

It will allow you to take photos more closely and capture the details more intricately. Extension tubes are not hard to work with neither they are hard to miss.

Upon careful researching, you can find them at a considerable price as well as learn the perfect method to use them.

Keep the aperture small

You need to keep your aperture small if you want to achieve good macro pictures. The lesser the size of the aperture, the lesser its ability to reflect light.

Here’s why the usage of exposure becomes highly important. With a smaller aperture, you can get a clear view of the pictures, but without light, it wouldn’t be favorable.

Hence, if your camera is manual then adjust your settings, if not then edit your settings.

Following are some of the examples of macro photography:

                                        

Photojournalism

This is reciting a story by taking images rather than writing it down or recording. Photojournalism is the branch of photography where you let the images do the talking.

Meaning the images you take must be based on some story, history or event. If you’re photographing a tragedy, you need to let it speak for itself via images than explain whats going on.

Photojournalism is heavily linked with journalism as well. The job of the journalist is always, to tell the truth, to respect people and to remember that the content he or she is about to present can change the lives of their respective subjects completely.

So they need to be independent of any pressure and completely accurate in their facts. Photojournalists are supposed to follow the same principles the only difference being, instead of writing they are photographing.

The images they capture should tell its own story. It should be candid and not rehearsed shots else there is no need to take them. Photojournalism requires the depth of your images, the way you see a certain event from your point of view. If your shots appear rehearsed, then you haven’t succeeded.

Following are some of the points to consider when taking photographs for journalism

Plan ahead

This is the essential step in this type of photography. If you haven’t planned about what you’re going to do or what event you are going to cover then, you might lose some valuable time.

Time is the only thing you don’t have when it comes to photojournalism. So plan ahead, take notes of the event you want to cover. Also, jot down any ideas you want to look for, if the event happens to be a long one then make sure to get your facts and research regarding the particular event correctly.

It would be easy for you once you get there knowing the background. You’ll get a vivid idea of what to capture once you go into the field. You would be easily able to point out the elements which can make your photographs stand out.

Be prepared, always

This is essentially important when you’re photographing a war like situation or some highly important tragedy or event occurring. For instance, the hurricane of Katrina or the 4th of July or some war like situations. In these cases, make sure to prepare well when it comes to your gear as well as to your safety.

Remember where there is life, there is drama. So if you endanger your life, you won’t be able to capture a thing. This type requires bravery and courage, but if you die, then you won’t be able to exhibit anything at all. Hence make sure you prepare in advance.

When it comes to your gear, the above-described events requires quick response and movement. If you waste your time in fiddling with your camera, you might lose the most important moments.

Such assignments are usually not for beginners, but in time of need, you can expect anything. Hence preparation is not a bad thing to look out. Your gear should be assembled.

It should be in a manual mode so as that you can have the liberty to choose your features. But if you’re not quick with your hands, then automatic is the best way to go with it.

Plus as a beginner, automatic should be preferred. You have a lot to learn and experimenting in the field might get dangerous in some cases.

Respect other people, their space and privacy

In this type of photography, you have to examine people at their finest or their worst, then make sure to respect their privacy. If they are not willing then stay away, if they are then go ahead.

Remember you earn respect both ways. You need to give some to get some. So be sure to implant this into your head when you are out in the field.

Quick with the reflexes

Move around and be quick about your reflexes. This type of photography requires your essential response. So be sure to be quick on your feet, your hands and your mind.

You need to look for various angles to get your picture, don’t be afraid to get closer. You can try going and taking shots from a variety of angles and then, later on, decide with your editor which is worth the post.

However, you can only achieve it if you’re quick. If you’re lurking around the corner and slowly making your way to it, then you won’t be able to capture key information.

Since it’s the picture that speaks volumes so make sure yours does too, else what the use of doing this in the first place?

Get your facts right

Lastly, the element of truth is the same for you as well. As a photojournalist, the content you’re capturing can ruin or make someone’s life.

If you are targeting another in the same way, make sure all your facts are true. All your information is based on some viable source and not some fake stance.

Although fake news captures the attention of people, but you lose your credibility over it. Unless if you want to be regarded as someone with less credibility, then you can go about creating your images.

But if not then make sure the work you do has the truth behind it. This is the primary law of journalism and photojournalism is even more inclined to it because you’ll be covering images, so you’re work should most definitely not be fake, practiced or shamed in any case.

Photojournalism is something I wouldn’t recommend it to beginners because its high-quality work and a beginner has to learn a great deal before he/she indulge themselves in it.

As an assistant or apprentice yes, but never as the main figure. Either way following are some examples of photojournalism:

Candid Photography

Candid photography is the art of taking pictures while the subject is completely unaware of you doing so. Sometimes it can be while the subject is in motion or is exhibiting some emotion.

Either way, when you take a photo without his knowing, or posing is called candid photography. Nowadays, the trend for candid photography seems to highly in fashion as many prefer natural looking pictures then the one they posed for.

Many want both so it’s better to keep on filming in that case. Candid photographs are the best type of photographs as they manage to capture the essence of life into them.

For instance, a child will be playing at the same time laughing with her eyes displaying every part of her happiness, when you click such an image, you realize that the picture is worth a thousand words.

You manage to capture the ease, comfort and relaxed form of a person and there’s nothing beautiful than a person feeling extremely comfortable in exhibiting his emotions.

Candid photos are easy to capture as you don’t have to work hard when it comes to it. You just have to randomly take pictures while nobody notices your presence or rather your camera’s.

Many photographers aim for a candid look nowadays as they know, the way it will capture life is the way no one else can.

Some of the things to keep in mind if you’re aiming for candid photography

Carry your camera with you at all times

Carry your camera with you at all times. Candid photography doesn’t need a moment or a specific time to get started in rather it is present everywhere.

On the street, in the car, on the bench of a park, along with the shores of the wave or along simple gatherings of friends, etc. When you have your camera with you, you can just keep on snapping without waiting for a perfect moment or rather passing up a perfect opportunity and regretting it later.

So like I said, if you’re aiming for candid, then make sure your camera is there in the same vicinity you share. Also, since candid appear best when a person isn’t paying attention.

So your camera should be with you whenever you catch a person laughing unconsciously or deep in thought etc

Capture different emotions

Usually at family gatherings or events, many want their candid pictures. If you happen to be their designated photographer, then you must provide them with posed as well as natural photographs.

You catch a variety of emotions at family gatherings or events. Some laugh, others cry; some appear to be extremely bored, others are mainly up to something mainly mischief, so the amount of emotions on display is varying at all times.

In such cases, if you take out your camera and suddenly take an image without turning off your flash, then that perfect moment can be ruined.

It is advisable to turn off your flash at all times when you’re aiming for candid as the sudden flash of light in the eyes blinds a person, and he or she immediately becomes alert for the photo or worse attempt to be natural to get a better candid.

So make sure to turn off your flash and be highly inconspicuous in such events to make the most it or rather to capture the most of it. You’ll be surprised by the results you get when later on you check your images.

At unfamiliar events

Events, where you’re not familiar with people, should be managed properly. At first, you should make sure the next person is at ease with you and then click away.

For this purpose try introducing yourself and asking them to pose for you so that they can trust you a bit. Then, later on, you can take photos of them while they’re not paying attention.

Also after meeting with them at least once, makes them feel relaxed around you, and they won’t act unusual when they see you moving around so your photos will appear more candid than ever.

Better lighting

Since in candid photos, you can’t ask the next person to pose for you or move around so you can get better lighting. Hence, its applicable for you to move around and try to achieve the same thing.

Keep on adjusting yourself rather than telling the other person to move around and then ‘pretend’ to talk the way they were before or something.

Trust me when I say in the world of photography, there is nothing worse than a person pretending to be engaged in some work while you take photos. Anyone can guess that this is a fake stance created to fool the camera but the only person you’re fooling is yourself.

Hence it’s better not to ruin the moment and move around yourself to get the perfect angle or picture or lighting. For lighting purposes there is another solution, you can change your ISO settings as well as your aperture to get your desired results.

Now it mostly depends upon the place but usually when you’re indoors, then the ISO should be kept at the maximum while the aperture adjusted to completely decreased version. But like I mentioned, it depends on the place and its specific lighting, most of the times photographers capture their required results by low ISOs too.

In other words, make sure to set your camera at manual, so you can adjust and readjust till you get your desired result.

Balance your camera at the hip

Lastly, if you want to make sure nobody notices your presence then try taking pictures by balancing the camera at your hip. Yes, by balancing it at the hip, a person cannot see it and is relaxed either way.

Most of the times when a person sees you holding the camera, they immediately panic hence ruining their picture. So around such people, balancing the camera at your hip is a great technique to ensure comfort, relaxation as well as great results.

 

Following are some examples of candid photography:

Forensic Photography

The most dangerous as well as the thrilling branch of photography is called forensic photography. In this, you’re supposed to record the events occurred at a crime scene, possibly looking for evidence and other details which can help the local police or anyone investigating it their work.

Forensic Photography is extremely difficult and requires your utmost attention, precision, and your focus. Remember that you are helping in an investigation. If that alone doesn’t emphasize its meaning, I don’t know what will.

Forensic photographers have a strict schedule. They are sometimes needed at the most unfavorable hours regardless of the weather or other emergencies.

People genuinely interested in forensic photography should keep in mind that this is entirely different from other photography. This is something you have to extremely careful with; your one mistake can pave you a way into the prison itself.

You have to present your taken photographs in front of the jury or court. Beginners if interested are advised to understand the seriousness of this job before considering to aim for it. Unfortunately, I don’t have much experience regarding forensic photography.

Some common tips which can help you as a photographer in forensic studies

Keep your eyes and mind completely open

You won’t be just taking photos rather you’ll be analyzing the entire scene. Everything in the court depends upon your skills here.

So for this purpose, you should be fully alert and must analyze everything in your brain. It is important to figure out the scene in front of you and portraying it as such.

Make sure you look for all the necessary details. Sometimes the most obvious things slip our mind so before packing up and skittering away, try going through with the crime area once again so if there is anything you missed in the first go, you can catch it in the second.

Be prepared always

Carry your entire gear with you whenever you visit a crime scene. Your gear should include tripod stand, lens, lights, charger slot, extension tubes and macro lens, etc.

At a crime scene make sure to train your mind such that you can expect anything also expects any grotesque place as well as a lavish one. You never know whether the lighting will be perfect or whether the lens is capturing the picture vividly.

Also, sometimes cases occur which have found a way to mess up the entire area. Sometimes the things you need to capture are at some elevated height.

You need your focus in full zoom as well as your lens in perfect form. Sometimes you need more than just your ordinary focus or mediocre lens.

In such cases, you need extension tubes and an extra pair of the lens, so make sure always to go prepared. Your entire gear should be with you while you work so that if you need something else, you can get it easily.

Know photography basics

You must know the basics of photography, or simply you should be an expert at the basics of photography. Make sure the camera is set to manual so you can adjust it according to your requirements.

You must know about scale, subject, and a reference object. Your photography should contain such elements also make sure that the photographs are just like their original forms.

You must be aware of how your focus works or how much you need to perfect an image. Similarly, you must be aware of your exposure settings and your ISO settings as well.

Use flashes

Flashes are extremely important during forensic photography. No matter how much illuminated the area where the crime takes place is.

You must have command on the flash system of your camera. Remember that flashes tend to catch the tiniest details because of their immense light and while in every other form of photography, they are a bit discouraged.

Here in forensic, you are advised to keep your flashes at bay and make sure to have enough command so that it doesn’t bother you in time of need.

Of course, it depends upon the situation entirely, some places you need a high flash while at others you need to keep it at its minimum.

If you can handle then only go for it

Faint heart and the ones with sensitive stomach are strongly discouraged from aiming for forensic photography because mostly you see extremely gore stuff at the crime place.

So if you think you can’t stomach the look of it then don’t aim for it ever. But if you think you have guts to handle looking into the eyes of the victim then, by all means, do join.

Forensic photography is detailed photography of anatomy, evidence and other stuff included in crime. A person should keep this in mind while thinking of applying for a job or internship.

Conclusion

Hence from all above, we can conclude that forensic photography is no fun and games. Rather it is the most serious forms of photography known. You are supposed to carry a lot on your plate.

One mistake can turn the tables of an investigation completely. So the interested candidate should give full attention. They also require efficiency in work, now this efficiency isn’t based on quality produced images only rather it is more concerned with the time a person takes to cover the crime scene.

It is the precision a person shows in his photographs while filming various signs. It is the way his mind works when he spots a clue or spots something different or unusual from its original character.

Forensic photographer despite his skills with the camera should also have the skills of making decisions. Along with it, answering questions and taking full responsibility for his actions regardless the situation is a must.

Many police firms recommend people with high IQ quick shrew minded people who can prove their usefulness on the field.

There are a variety of technical things to consider during forensics which are sadly out of my field of knowledge. However, you can thoroughly study them from this link provided from the internet
http://www.evidencemagazine.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=363

Following are some examples of forensic photography:

Event Photography

The type of photography which is adored by many. The photography in which you cover important events like marriage, christening, parties, concerts, etc.

People pose for you in this type of photography, and you click away. Event photography can prove to be a glamorous as well as a tedious job. It involves interaction, manners, trust, and patience and above all time.

When you’re covering an event say a wedding, you’re supposed to make sure you get all the clicks from the start moment till the end. Many will want to pose for while many will be annoyed with you.

Some will be polite and will comply with your wishes while others will make sure to remind you how much of a pain you are.

Nevertheless, it is essential to remember that if you respond to them in the same way as they do, then you can kiss your career as an event photographer goodbye.

As mentioned above, its all about interaction, trust, manners, and patience. If you’re covering a small party, then the chances are that things might get extremely awkward.

But you must remain calm in all respect. Event photography seems fun, but in reality, it’s a very hard job especially when it comes to satisfying your clients.

Also, usually events are the ladders you need to climb up to the top so make sure to avail the best of it.

You must keep a few of these following points in your mind

Dress like you belong there

Yes, you heard me right. Sometimes the events you’re supposed to cover are of high elite class. If you wear jeans and t-shirt to such places, then it automatically sets up a wrong impression.

Do not overdo it, just dressing respectably won’t hurt you much. If you go to events where there is a dress code, then you should try to wear a suit as well.

All in all, it doesn’t mean you completely indulge yourselves with the guests. Make sure your dress sense is respectable enough otherwise there might be a chance that you won’t receive any future gigs.

Make sure you have your entire gear

This means your tripod stand, extra memory cards, and lens, etc. For events, you always need a camera that can perform well in lights.

At the same time does not go overboard with white balance or flash. Cameras with 6400 ISOs tend to perform well however you can always work with 1200 to 1500 as well.

It is advisable to take images in their RAW form. You can always work with RAW+JPEG as well, but pictures were taken in RAW form come out more efficiently in events.

Also, you can always edit them later if they don’t reach up to the mark, but if you apply the JPEG as well and it doesn’t satisfy, then you will face some trouble.

Make sure not to get in someone’s private bubble

Yes, you’re a photographer, and your job is to take the photos but don’t ruin another person’s moment. Respectably stand aside while they do their work and then offer to take their picture.

Or you can creatively take photos in such a way that their moment remains intact and your job is done too. Make sure not to disturb people over and over again or get in their faces.

Maintain a respectable distance and take their permission before you click.

Look for moments

While events are all about posing, nobody likes their entire album filled with proper, prim pictures. While you’re at a party or a wedding, look carefully and observe.

You might catch some wonderful moments of two people meeting after a long time or some enjoying carefree. Some conversations are memorable, and you can always pick them up by the expression on everyone’s faces.

Look out for moments like these, capture them and make candid shots of people and their surroundings. You’ll realize later that all of it is worth it.

Talk to guests

Interact with the guests a bit before the event is in its full bloom, make sure to be polite and courteous. You can probably get great shots once the guests are comfortable with you.

Apologize if you unintentionally hurt someone and if some want a conversation, give them enough on a professional level. Your next gig might ensure itself right there.

Don’t show attitude or get frustrated when someone ruins the shot or wants more. Politely accept their request and when you have done it, walk away.

If by any chance someone irks you up then politely explain your situation and reason with him. Remember the people that smile at you are also looking for one moment to bash you completely so don’t give them that chance.

Photoshop skills

If you don’t have any Photoshop skills, then I suggest you learn some before going for event photography. The reason for this is that the client expects their photos to be nicely edited and immaculately.

If you give them the same bland photos, then they might strike up an argument. Everyone wants to have good pictures however sometimes you can’t achieve that with normal RAW form, so it’s better to edit them.

Apply focus on some, blur backgrounds and give a good composition of the face. Editing is very highly important. If you plan to achieve a good sum of money just with your camera, then you’re wrong my friend.

You have to be able to edit good photos. Again it doesn’t mean you overdo it; rather it should be just enough to enhance the features of the photo as well as brighten it up.

Use wide and low apertures

Make sure you get photos with wide apertures as well low ones. The best option would be to set the camera to manual mode so you can fix your gear accordingly.

Following are some of the examples of event photography:

Fashion Photography

Fashion photography is the branch of photography which is highly devoted to clothing, beauty, glamour and other items. The word fashion stirs up a lot of things in us.

Girls immediately think about new clothes or bags or shoes while boys mostly cringe away or think about the latest Levi jeans. Fashion photography is for those who want to step out of their comfort zones.

It is difficult but extremely enjoyable. It requires attention and precision at the same you’ll learn a lot from it. Fashion photography, in my opinion, is best for a beginner.

Because as a beginner you’ll come to the studio empty-minded, but slowly your wheels will turn and eventually you’ll reach something great.

However, even a beginner should have some expertise in lighting, contrast, exposure and other elements of the camera. As a fashion photographer, you have to work with models.

Make sure to familiarize yourself a little with the crew present there in making her glamorous. So, that you are relaxed and comfortable in the environment and during the shoot.

Remember everyone in the studio has alread

y been part of this, it’s you who came out of the blue so even though the pressure might be immense, you’ll find out you quite like it.

Following are some of the tips you should keep in mind when aiming for fashion photography:

Work in a studio

It is always best to work in a studio. However, most of the times the studios are extremely pricey, and it becomes difficult to manage it in the required budget.

In those cases, go out, but as a beginner, the studio might be an easy run for you. The benefits of the studio are that it already has huge lights, so that means you need not adjust your camera after every shoot.

Also the adjustments you require in your camera will be that of light, exposure, etc. It would be best if you manage to work it out beforehand. While you’re in the studio, walk around and try to analyze different shots in your head.

It might help you out and at the same time take some trial shots with the lightning. Also, check it and see how much more work you have to do on it.

Work with experienced models

Working with experienced models is also recommended. As a beginner, you don’t know how these shoots work or even if you do, it is difficult to get the desired pose from them.

Or in some cases come up with a pose at all. So before starting, make sure to get the model to relax a bit and let her feel at comfort with you, you’ll find that it becomes bearable after this.

However, this shouldn’t be a problem if you’re working with an experienced model because having to do this work many times, she would know how to pose and what to do with her hair and lips.

Work at your utmost efficiency

The shot won’t come to you; you have to go to it and catch it at its precise moment. You have to move, you have to bounce, you have to climb, and you have to run, every time it’s you who have to do the work.

Not the model or other people but you so make sure to move around the specific area and try taking photos from different angles. Doing this will make you achieve some photos, and you’ll know which angle works best.

Do not hesitate in taking advises

Take advises from people around you or working with you. If they present an idea to you, do listen to it and contemplate it. But never let them take the reins of your horse.

Yes, listen but do not let them have the final say otherwise your shoot will be narrating someone else’s story. Photography is an art, and if you let any other near the canvas to complete your niche, then that particular painting will never be yours again.

The same goes with fashion photography, you give someone else the camera, and you might as well let go of your dream. This doesn’t mean dismissing ideas.

As I mentioned before, listen to their ideas, maybe try out a few of their poses but don’t let them direct your entire shoot.

Understand the basics

You need to understand a few things before you start clicking. First, what type of fashion they are portraying in the shoot? Is it clothes with bright colors or accessories maybe?

If they are bright provocative clothing, then your background should be tropical. If it is dark and seductive, then go with black and white or wintry background. Second, work in your mind before.

Go through whatever they’re trying to sell and analyze the situation in your mind. Try to imagine what will work best, what sort of lights should you use, do you need exposure or not, etc.

Remember photography is all about imagination and creation. So, if you don’t deliver those two aspects in your work, then your work will turn out to be bland and dull.

Tell them your needs

If the background is set up for you and you don’t quite get satisfaction out of it then be sure to point it out. It is extremely important because beginners tend to fade out in the background.

You click the photos, they might look great, but they won’t look yours, or maybe they’ll look like those of every other photographer. Remember you know your strengths and weaknesses, and if you don’t use this knowledge to your advantage, then you’ll lose your charm and essence.

If by any chance, you work best in the street and you think you can deliver great photos there then don’t hesitate to push them towards it.

If you work great with props then, by all means, say it out loud. However, make sure you don’t forget your manners while at it. You can achieve all your work along with respect if you have good manners.

Do the same thing harshly, and you might get a good result, but you’ll forever taint your image.

Following are some of the examples of fashion photography:

                      

 

Infrared Photography

The type of photography which allows you to explore the world of unseen. Infrared photography is the type that requires the use of infrared in its image sensors.

The Infrared rays are not visible to the human eye and usually range somewhere in between 700nm to 900nm. Infrared photography opens up a completely new world for the photographers to explore.

Once entered, you may find it hard to leave. Infrared photography is a bit complex than other types and also requires special attention. You have to adjust your camera into a form that works best with infrared.

Most of the times you aren’t able to achieve your desired infrared picture, which also complicates things. But the main issue would be that infrared happens to be a whole new dimension.

The settings requirement we need for other types don’t work for this one. You need an extra talent for this one. Sometimes the entire camera needs to be converted for good, just to achieve this type.

Think of it in this way, we give a whole new face to a photograph with the help of Photoshop, but even Photoshop has its limitations. Infrared is something which surpasses those limitations.

If this doesn’t give you an idea about its vastness, I’m not sure what will.

Following are some of the tips you should keep in your mind while aiming for infrared photography

Get a clear insight on your subject

Yes, choose your subject beforehand. Don’t go random with this part. Random is good, but to learn its grounds, you need to be clear about the smallest details.

Choose your subject and observe it thoroughly. Many photographers advise against open skies. It’s better to choose a more dramatic sky provided the sky is what you’re aiming for in your pictures.

Since infrared completely transforms your photographs, so you must know that while we prefer open skies in our photographs for more vibrancy, the same open sky would ruin your photo in infrared.

Usually, you have to be walking in the opposite direction to get to infrared. Similarly when your subject appears to be a living thing, then infrared can give it a volume that no other filter could.

Every filter has its specialty, but you’ll realize that infrared comes with its skills and surprises.

Convert your camera

In case if you want to invest yourself completely in infrared photography, then you have to convert your camera completely. Usually, some cameras nowadays allow infrared in their settings but if not then you have an option of converting your camera.

The good part about this is that you’d get to explore infrared completely and there’s a chance you will never miss other filters and settings at all.

However, the bad part is you will never be able to try the other branches we have discussed. You will be able to get pictures but only in an infrared version, not any other filter or setting.

But like I said, once immersed in infrared completely, you’ll find it difficult to move on from it towards the colors or other tones. Many photographers enjoy infrared, and for beginners, it is best to practice it at first.

Who knows you might learn to love it for good! For other types of photos, you’ll need another camera provided you have converted your original one. My advice would be to convert a cheap second hand one. Why? We’ll discuss it soon enough.

Try Infrared filters

If you want to try out infrared but still want to have a connection with the other types, then the best option for you would be to buy the infrared filter.

Yes, just like UV filter and others, we have now infrared filters available in the market. For those of you who are wondering what it is, well it’s a filter of deep red color which you have to apply to the lens to get your desired results.

It proves to be advantageous as you can always remove the filter and resume your other elements as well. So if you have only one camera and you want to try out all the types with it, then the infrared filter is your go-to option.

Use cameras with high quality lens

Cameras with the high-quality lens are the most desirable cameras around the globe. They work well and are efficient. The performance they give is of extremely high quality.

When it comes to infrared, however, the facts change themselves a bit. You’ll find that the cameras with the best lens don’t give you the desired image you want when shooting in infrared.

It is duly noted by many photographers that second-hand cameras with a bit wore out lens work best with infrared. The reason is that the more your image appears to be in RAW form, the better your result in case of an infrared filter will be.

This brings us to our second point, whenever you’re planning on taking photographs with infrared filter then make sure that your settings remain on the RAW form.

If you work with and RAW and JPEG then the results you get will be something beyond unsatisfactory. So stop yourself if you’re planning to take images in any other form than RAW when aiming for infrared.

When it comes to lens part, remember that everyone works differently, some might get great results with a great lens as well, but the majority I’ve seen has recommended worn out lens.

However, all remain united when talking about infrared images taken in RAW form.

Keep the white balance at minimum

Lastly, make sure to keep your white balance and exposure to a minimum or adjust it according to your surroundings. Keep your camera on auto or if you want then manual works too.

Working with auto gives you just the right amount of balance, but sometimes it tends to have its drawbacks as well so you can always adjust it to manual mode. For most out there auto works fine, but as pointed out several times, it varies with different people.

But like I said, once immersed in infrared completely, you’ll find it difficult to move on from it towards the colors or other tones. Many photographers enjoy infrared, and for beginners, it is best to practice it at first.

Who knows you might learn to love it for good! For other types of photos, you’ll need another camera provided you have converted your original one. My advice would be to convert a cheap second hand one. Why? We’ll discuss it soon enough.

Some examples of infrared images are:

 

Newborn Photography

Probably the cutest form of photography is the newborn photography. Taking photographs of babies born within 15 days of their birth is called the newborn photography.

Newborn photography can be very beautiful, emotional and sensational but it is very difficult too. A single mistake can lead to very alarming situations, so it’s safe to say that if you’re nervous when going for such a shoot, then it is quite understandable. The thing with newborns is that they require extreme gentleness, comfort, and safety.

Most of the times, getting them to pose is extremely difficult and if the parents have pressed hardly on the posing part then being anxious becomes part of the game.

However, if worked with properly, you can get some amazing clicks which might even be heart-warming for you. All you have to do is be extremely careful and patient.

The rest part of photography, i.e., high-quality images, and beautifully captured moments will come towards you themselves.

Keep in mind the following tips when photographing newborns:

Be prepared

Now, this is something we’ve mentioned in almost all branches of photography, while it gets annoying, keep in mind that it is essential hence us mentioning it over and over again.

When it comes to newborns, you should know that they have specific moments, there is no way the baby will pose for you or act a particular action they were doing so unintentionally.

You need to make sure you have all your equipment also your equipment is set up perfectly when you get the newborn in motion. Once the moment is gone, it won’t come back, and no matter how much of an expert you are, even you can’t boss around a baby.

So make sure to have your equipment ready when you get the baby under the lights.

Also, make a checklist a day before to ensure you have everything needed while photographing a newborn baby. As I said, you won’t have enough time to bring a specific tool if you’ve forgotten it.

Hence why the golden words in case of photography sessions, BE PREPARED. You’ll thank us later for this that I’m sure of.

No need for any special camera

You don’t need an extremely expensive camera for this type of shoot. This is a newborn baby you’re dealing with. The baby has its powers when it comes to the camera.

If you can work creatively with the light settings, ISO, and shutters on a simple digital camera, you’ll be able to get cute satisfactory pictures. A good camera doesn’t hurt, but if you’re unable to get one for yourself, then your ordinary works too provided you know the basic tools and functions.

Babies, as discussed above, have their special moments, sometimes they’ll open their eyes or smile unconsciously; other times they’ll yawn and stretch or maybe gurgle or make weird faces.

Either way, when you capture those precise moments, you’ll realize that the camera you used hardly matters.

Safe props

Make sure the props you use are safe for the babies. Sometimes you’ll see pictures of babies with a basketball net or a tree or other dangerous spots.

Well, a professional photograph goes to huge lengths to ensure the safety of the baby and even as a beginner, you should have enough common sense to do the same.

As pointed out, babies are extremely delicate subject. Your one mistake can harm them a lot. So be sure that the props you use are extremely safe and comfortable, to begin with.

Be patient

Again this is a trait we have discussed a lot of times but keep in mind that these are toddlers you’re dealing with. They might fuss and cry and scream over and over again.

Let the parent handle them and then bring over to your shoot. Make sure not to get impatient with the mother while she’s feeding or comforting her child. Remember she’s as new to this as you are.

Let her feed her baby calmly or comfort her baby calmly, and then you can resume your work. It takes a lot of time in some cases so my advice would be that whenever you’re planning to work on newborn shoots then cancel everything else for the day.

Many, however, complain that the pay then reduces considerably due to them charging per hour. Well, like I said you should be patient, also you can charge per picture or film when you’re photographing newborns.

This helps to solve your problem of paying. But don’t have tantrums when the shoot takes longer than necessary, or the mother has a hard time calming her child.

Ensure safety of the child

This is an extremely important rule. Make sure you don’t have sharp objects around or minute small objects on the pieces of carpet or fur or sweaters you’re going to use.

If you’re using dangerous surfaces as props, then make sure you have taken all the necessary measures also, make sure there is one person closer to the baby in case of any mishap.

Never leave the baby unattended. If you have some work to do then make sure your assistant or partner stays with the baby, if not then make sure one of the parents is present.

If nobody is available then stay with the baby and leave only when there is someone else around.

Include the family

You can create poses with the baby only when its asleep. Other times you can go for lifestyle carefree photography. Maybe include the mother in few shots.

As obviously known, a mother’s love is unconditional so including her in the picture can display an array of emotions. If there are siblings then you can try and include them in your shots as well.

Keep your hands warm when approaching a baby, if they aren’t then warm them up with a heater or maybe heating pads but don’t approach the baby with cold hands ever.

The baby might jerk and we all know what happens when a newborn is disturbed.

Following are some of the examples:

Colored Photography

Photography, when invented, came in black and white form. At first, people were satisfied with the fact that they can finally record some of their memories and treasure them forever. However slowly they realized they needed something else to complete their obsession.

It just wasn’t enough to hold the memories right in your arms. That’s how slowly the word ‘colored photography’ came into existence. People started searching for vivid colors to get that happy feeling from their photographs.

The first colored photograph was invented by James Maxwell Clark. He gave the method to produce a colored photograph and later on it was used by other scientists to produce colored photographs. All in all, colored photography was invented, and people all over the world responded to it immediately. Even now with so many filters present, some people tend to go for colors.

Colors immediately freshen up people’s moods. Hence, we automatically associates it with happiness, optimism, freedom, etc. Despite the natural c

olors offered by the world, nowadays there are options present to make something look even more colorful. It is essentially easy to be part of colored photography.

The world itself offers a lot of it. If you want more, well your device has to have it. All you have to do is fiddle with the settings and dials a bit.

Granted colored photography is easy to handle but still, there are a few tips to help you out

Keep the color contrast in mind

When aiming for colored photography, you must keep the color contrasts in your mind. Imagine a certain combination, see how it goes with the desired colors and then apply it on the background. Although the brain works it out on its own, still you have a part in this as well.

Many people create bad combinations which ruin the entire photograph. The best way to perfect is to work with the color chart. It offers you the entire colors along with combinations also you can pick which one goes best with the other to avoid mistakes.

Work the combination in your mind or better yet take several shots of a single color with another and see which one works out the best. It is always okay to be creative but keep in mind that some things are best the way they are. Some colors shine their best alone while others reveal their best in combinations.

Some work best with light backgrounds while others require a dark background. The point is each color works differently so keep this in mind when working out the combinations. Now for instance, if you’re using dark blue with dark purple, both come in dark forms and cancel out each other when put together.

Similarly using pink and red fades out each other as well. If you use something along the lines of having light blue and dark blue, then both colors get a platform to showcase themselves.

Check the backgrounds

The next thing to keep in mind is the backgrounds. Although some of it we covered above it is essential in colored photography. Colored photography is the type which requires a good background.

By good background, we mean something in which their true shade is revealed or in other words where they can shine completely. Your background can make the photo, and it could very well destroy it as well.

Maintain the ISO, White balance and Exposure

Although by now you know this step very well but maintain your ISO, white balance and exposure along with contrasts. Yes, they are already colors but if you can sharpen them a bit, you’ll realize they do dazzle for sure.

Although it depends on the photo but increasing your ISO, decreasing your white balance and slightly disturb your exposure, as well as contrast, can sharpen the colors and give you a very bright and colorful image. In some cases the low ISO while increased white balance works best.

Like we discussed it mainly depends on the photograph. Some colors tend to work best without any extra added filters or elements. Meaning in some photographs you will be completely abandoning all your settings and just let your lens do all the work. But those cases are rarely captured perfectly by beginners.

The ones who always play with colors know how to exhibit them perfectly. Whereas, a beginner is taking steps towards that part. So, it’s better for a beginner to visualize the colors first then capture them in several shots to see which looks good. They can also fiddle around with their settings so they can work out the best way to reveal color.

Conclusion

Coloured Photography, in my opinion, doesn’t require much hard work. Yes, a little pinch here and a little one there but that’s just it. Also mastering other types of photography is so hard that in front of them colored photography resembles that of child play but then there comes a group of people who can showcase the colors present in the world in their most beautiful forms, and they show us that colored photography is anything but normal.

We can also work this out ourselves by estimating the number of years it took to produce color photographs and how much we pay attention to the colors in almost every other photograph.

No matter how many times we claim to have a love for other branches or types of photography, it’s usually the colors that fascinate us all along while other types depend on certain conditions and moods, color mainly depends upon your enthusiasm, and as a photographer, the enthusiasm is always sky-rocketing.

While most of us will pick monochrome or infrared when it comes to capturing in-depth emotions. Colors faze almost all of us. No matter what our interests are, colors will never cease to delight us.

Underwater Photography

The process of capturing the underwater life is called underwater photography. This is the type of photography which can take your breath away. However, it requires a great amount of patience and practice. Underwater photography requires great skill and about double the amounts of effort as required in land photography. Once mastered all of the practice required, underwater photography can become addictive, and a person usually loses track of time while photographing underwater. The reason is that underwater world requires a whole new array of beautiful scapes, creatures, and views. One gets extremely mesmerized when in the presence of such finesse hence becoming easily distracted.

However, as enjoyable underwater photography is, it can be extremely dangerous to those who aren’t careful or aren’t familiar with the precautions required.  The marine life comes in all forms and shapes, colors and textures, capturing every detail of theirs becomes quite the challenge when you’re familiar with the steps you have to take. Also, if you don’t focus on the details, then you lose the core element of underwater photography. This photography mainly focuses on the beautiful marine life has to offer. The land has its captivities, but water is the type where you, yourself would want to dedicate your soul to. Provided you take the steps, training, and precautions necessary to explore this world.

Following are some of the tips you need to keep in mind when photographing underwater:

Use forced flash

Usually, when we discuss the gear, we focus on everything set to high. Well, here we have a few differences. While many photographers tend to work best with flash or auto flash, it is advisable to use forced flash underwater. Using flash is necessary, but many mainly aim for forced flash when in the deep blue sea. The reason is that too much flash will affect your photos a lot. Since water particularly has no light so using flash is a good idea to take pictures, but too much flash will result in blurred images or images to cluttered to use. You’d require a lot of work on such images hence its best to use forced flash.

The ISOs should be very well kept to the minimum for the same reasons as the flash. Too much light will ruin the exact colors and might result in completely black or cluttered images. The white balance comes in correspondence to the flash. If using the flash then put the white balance on auto mode. When not using a flash put it in the custom mode. Ever camera gives a different result. No camera is inclined to give you the same result as the other. One will either be better, or it will be a bit average as compared to the other. Some receive quite the opposite results with the above-mentioned help while others succeed favorably. It works differently for everyone; the best solution would be to practice for yourself and see which modes you prefer.

Keep aperture at minimum

In underwater photography, keep the aperture at a minimum. Keeping it at auto will fix your problem as well. The reason is that higher the aperture, higher chances of the blurred image or black or blue one. You need just the right amount of aperture, and by keeping it at auto, you will be able to get one as the camera specializes its mode according to the circumstances. It is best to take several shots underwater, that way you can see which one requires your attention and if one is wrong there is a chance other will be right, and you can work accordingly with that.

Go macro or focused

You might want to capture the intricate details a specific creature or a coral has to offer. And if you weren’t planning on taking close up images then do change your mind. You’ll surprised with the amount of details you’ll capture when in macro mode. Similarly focusing on objects just enough so that they don’t appear cloudy will give some real finesse to your work. Since you can’t check your images underwater so when you resurface and go through your work, I guarantee you’ll love your macro mode picture more.

Maintain the distance

When it comes to lens then buying yourself the ones that zoom to quite a distance is useless. You see in underwater photography; zooming doesn’t give you the perfect photo. It would only be blue-black or blurry again. The best way to get a good picture is to get close to the specific specimen yourself. However, this doesn’t mean you get right into in front of it or get right in the face of the specific fish. No, you have to maintain your distance to at least 2ft from the supposed subject. That way, your photo will come out good, and hopefully, it will be the version you want.

Take photographs in RAW form.

Yes, keeping your camera at RAW will enable good pictures and clear in quality. Adding JPEG to it will just produce another clutter. Also, there is a chance that with too much light, your photo might appear red or orange and you don’t want that do you? So it’s best to keep your camera in RAW form while photographing marine life. The disadvantage to this may be that RAW requires a lot of space on your SD card as compared to other images so make sure your SD card comes with an impressive memory.

Ensure safety

Safety is highly important when photographing underwater. You must know all the basic rules of diving, what to do when scuba diving, how to control your air gauge, etc. it is best if you take some lessons before you start photography, maybe get used to the situation down there and then see if you can handle the photography underneath. Your camera should be waterproof but with the addition to this, make sure your camera is the type to be used for underwater photography, for this purpose as a beginner, sign up for some tutorials and classes. Get prepared beforehand, so that when you finally dive deep to the surface, you don’t face any other unnecessary problems.

Following are some of the examples of underwater photography:

                  

Travel Photography

The kind of photography which enables you to explore new places, buildings, people, and culture. It is the art of seeing and exploring new places with the intention of making some great memories, having a lot of fun and making amazing friends along the way. Travel Photography is definitely for those who love to visit new places, who love to meet new people, taste new foods and make some great memories to treasure forever. Probably the most enjoyable forms of photography out there, in which you work as well as make the most of your trip.

Travelling comes off with its attraction. Every place you visit or go to has its own divine cultures and traditions also offers something be that mesmerizing landscapes, joyous people, freely wandering wildlife or simply a beautiful experience. As you’ve probably heard, each vegetable comes with its taste similarly every city has its aura. You get to see new things, new clothes, and new lifestyle and most importantly, you learn a lot from those common folks or their lifestyle. Your photography experience turns out to be an enjoyable one, and you get a lot of tales and souvenirs to bring home with you.

Following are some of the tips you should keep in mind while on a travel and photographing:

You can use any gear

It doesn’t matter if you have the newest version of the lens or the latest camera. If you happen to have a mediocre camera while traveling, you can very well capture some amazing photos. I’m not saying you should not keep a good camera. But if circumstances are such that you aren’t able to afford a good camera, then it doesn’t mean that the one you have is completely useless. Photography is all about being creative and your imagination. Hence, when you use these two, your pictures will look good even with your phone camera. However, if you lack the two and happen to have a great camera at your hand, then your photos will come out bland and just like any other out there.

Prepare Overhand

While traveling, make sure you prepare overhand. You don’t want to waste time in going through other procedures when you have to shoot. Make sure you have all the necessary equipment as well as the things you need for your stay at the current place. Manage your time and make a schedule so that you can follow your specific timetable to get the best of the place. Granted we are adults, and stuff like this is for children, but you’ll realize its importance when you wake up in a new place.

Research the place

As a beginner, make sure to research thoroughly the place where you’re going. Meaning look for its good spots beforehand. Browse its history, study it, keep a list of the possible events that could occur or are about to occur. Read about those events beforehand. The reason for all this is because it gives a story to your photographs. Even the simplest of your photo will have a background. Everybody appreciates a photo with a strong story behind it. Even if the story is not of much significance to the world still, it’s good when you have a few words to say about the picture. People tend to take an interest in such things a lot also you cover the first step for your learning.

Include locals

When you’re traveling, you’re bound to come across some masses or locals going about doing there work or just strolling. Be polite and respectful to them. If you want to include them in your pictures, then ask for their permission and if they refuse then maintain a safe distance. Don’t peek into their bubbles. It would a sign of good gesture if you learn a few words of their native language.

They will appreciate it and might allow you to visit some of their safest havens. Strike up conversations with them, let them become your friends. The beauty of this is that they will always remember you. If you come back after years to the same place, they will remember you. And the warm welcome you receive will be enough to melt your heart. It also gives you an advantage of access to places you didn’t even know about.

The locals live in their desired place; they know nick and corner. They might show their most auspicious places and some other spots. Plus including them in your photos will further encourage them to be more open to you. If you ask for their stories, they will appreciate it. All in all, make sure to be open, nice and respectful towards them. Keep in mind that if you promise on sending their pictures to them then be sure to do it. If you can’t fulfill your promise, then don’t bother making any because like I said, they will remember. And it leaves them feeling painful and dejected which is not nice on a level of humanity.

Explore the place

You’re done capturing the famous shots and shots of the people or anything you desired when you visit a certain place. Now, the next step will be to explore a bit. Get lost, have fun, get a new sense of adventure, etc. All the while keeping your camera with you so if you happen to come across something worth clicking then you can do it right there and then. Sometimes you find the best places or best location for photography when you’re lost.

You open yourself up to new treasures. Now, this can be dangerous too, as there might be pickpockets or other troubles so make sure to be very careful. Also when aiming for adventure or even for your prepared scheduled shots, then try waking up early at the crack of dawn, you’ll get the most of that specific place when you’re up early with nobody else at the site but you and your camera.

Here are some of the examples of travel photography:

                       

Camera

Now since we’ve discussed photography and its types, it’s time to discuss the very device we achieve it from. It does not matter how many times we study the different ways photographs getting clicked, or obtaining of different images. We all know it is useless without a camera, preferably a good one. Granted, it was your imagination and creativity that makes a photograph turn out great, but you need some good gear for it too.  Suppose you have the two in abundance, then the next thing you need is a good camera to complete the combination. The combination of three gives way to great photos and dynamic art as well good opportunities for using photography as a career. A good camera is also important if you want to be a photographer on an international level.

You can’t achieve a good shot of the rainbow with a simple camera or a night full of the starry sky in vivid quality by the simple digital cameras. Hence, as much as your sense of exploration and creativity is important, that much the camera also matters. As discussed above, the three come in a combination. Or simply the three represents a tripod stand. Bring one of its legs down, and the whole tripod comes falling.

Brief about the section

In this section, we’ll discuss in detail the camera, its basics, its functions, its parts, etc. As you’ve probably noticed, we’ve used some fancy terms like ISO, aperture, Autofocus, White balance, etc. above. Now, we’ll discuss their meanings, their role in the camera and their required functions separately. So that tomorrow when you’re out in the field, then you’re aware of every single detail photography offers.

Your camera is significant and if you’re not aware of what it offers, then you’re as vulnerable as a deer in the presence of a hungry lion, meaning you’re doomed. You can’t expect to reach a professional level; by simply clicking. If that were then probably every single person out there would be an expert. Also, no matter how many good pictures you take, the way a skilled photographer captures an image is far more beautiful, detailed and full of emotions as compared to yours. Remember, photography isn’t about taking selfies and uploading it around. It is about seeing, imagining, using your mind to create something magical out of the blandest things. And photographers can do that as well. However, they haven’t achieved this trait in a single night; it took years and years of practice and learning.

With sheer luck and diligent effort, they’ve managed to create a whole new scope for photography and are now ruling the world with their captured images. Before we start, we need to learn what a camera is, a bit about its history and then finally the basics. Buckle up people because all I can reveal at this moment is the fact that this is going to be a ride forever memorable.

Definition

A camera is an electronic device which uses high sensors to record images and videos without having some sort of physical contact with the subject. As per the internet, A device used for capturing a photographic image or recording a video using film or digital memory. In other words, a device you can use for capturing the live moments of your life in the form of a photograph which you can touch feel and treasure forever.

Origins Of The Word Camera

The word camera is said to have the roots of Latin. It is said to have originated from the word camera obscura which means dark chamber which is Latin for a device used to protect an image of external reality onto a flat surface. Latin was and is one of the most ancient languages present on earth, for now, it has long gone extinct, but a lot of words originate from it. Camera happens to be one of them. Photographic camera happens to be the evolved mention of obscure so you can probably guess how old it is. Obscura relates to the phenomenon of having an inverted image caused by reflection of light on something like a wall for instance when peeping through a hole in the darkened room.

The principle is the same as used for a pinhole camera.It was Ibn-Al- Haitham who created a pinhole camera somewhere in 11th century. He was an Arab physicist and contributed a lot in the field of optics. His works were appreciated a lot in Europe for centuries and his principle for the pinhole camera gave light to a whole new vast subject of photography, cameras, vision and optics. He observed that when one looks through an opening into a darkened room or space, then the image produced as a reflection becomes inverted.

As per Wikipedia, “The use of a lens in the opening of a wall or closed window shutter of a darkened room to project images used as a drawing aid has been traced back to circa 1550. Since the late 17th century portable camera obscura devices in tents and boxes were used as a drawing aid.”

 

Digital Camera

A KODAK engineer, Steven Sasson invented the first digital camera in 1975. He used digital electronics in his inventions to create the world’s first camera which could store the image in itself. After its invention, the entire world went crazy with photography as well as in inventing a better version of the camera. Now, of course, they succeeded, or we wouldn’t don’t have such amazing quality photos. After the digital camera, NIKON, a Japanese company, invented a DSLR or Digital Single Lens Reflex in 1986. The camera was known as NIKON SVC. Now it offered better results as compared to a digital camera. Also, it offered brand new functions and dials and other settings which gave a choice to the people to select the type of photographs they want.

To say people were ecstatic would be an understatement especially photographic maniacs. The ones who were in possession of the DSLR were the ‘IT’ crowd while others were mainly mediocre. However, with the invention of a DSLR, people became more aware, and technicians and engineers worked hard to create something even better. They did succeed, and a ‘full frame’ The DSLR camera was invented. This too took place in Japan. Three companies produced such a scale camera.

They along with their products are listed as follows:

  • the MZ-D by Pentax
  • the N-Digital by Contac
  • the EOS-1D by Canon

this took place somewhere between 2000 and 2002.

The DSLR Camera

The DSLR stands for Digital Single Lens Reflex camera. As complicated as the name implies it to be, the DSLR is a fairly simple machine. You have to master four hardware components and three software components.

Image Processor

Hardware wise, it has a processing core known as the Image Processor. Its performance varies depending on the make, model, year, advancements, payed-for features; you name it. The second being the lens, which comes in a variety of fix aperture/ variable aperture, optical zoom. In some cases, special lenses that can take on filters so that one could tell a story through a picture. Granted, that the lens is a fairly important part of the DSLR camera, and most would consider it the most important, but what made professional photography almost a toy for children of today was the image sensor.

Previewing

For the first time, in human history, taking pictures became as easy as pushing a button. As opposed to pressing a button and hoping the picture turned out the way you wanted it to, for the first time in human history, one could preview. It is a word that did not exist for the photographic industry- one’s art and removes or change without loss of valuable time, precious and most times exotic photographic materials. For the first time, one could “edit” still pictures rather than make a model starve to death.

Shutter

Last but not the least, the shutter. Though the DSLR is a sophisticated machine, a lot of its operations are mechanical, the shutter, for example, is a door that sits in front of the previously mentioned sensor that opens and closes to allow the light to hit the sensor. Now, one would think, why an actual mechanical door, couldn’t they just switch off the sensor? Well, the smartphone camera has a digital shutter, compare the two kinds of pictures, and you tell me. You cannot improve everything; something was already at perfection. The shutter can give you the ability to shoot in the dark or make a jet breaking the sound barrier look like it is standing still.

Not complicated

As sophisticated as the DSLR is, the DSLR is not very complicated -as the DSLR Savants would like you to believe- to capture the perfect shot, there are three things in play; the ISO, the Aperture, and the Shutter speed. It is very challenging to take excellent pictures without a good understanding of how ISO works and what it does to the effect of any picture. Every photographer should thoroughly understand all three parts of the camera to get the most out of their equipment and to use it well.

Parts of Camera

There are some basic parts of a camera:

Body

Made of high-grade plastic or metal, this holds all the other parts together as well as provide protection to the delicate internal parts of the camera. It is a kind of protective layer which hold all parts of a camera in a whole uniformed shape. Mostly, the body uses the high-quality material as it has to keep all other parts intact.

Lens

A proper term for this part should be Lens Assembly, this consists of several layers of lenses of varying properties providing zoom, focusing and distortion correction. These lenses are interconnected mechanically. You can control the adjustment either manually or electronically through the camera’s body. Lens plays the main role in any camera’s function.

Shutter Release Button

This is the “trigger” of the camera. In most cameras, a half-press activates and locks the auto-focus and a full press initiates the image capturing process.

Mode Dial

Contains several symbols (slightly different on various camera models) this dial allows you to select a shooting mode, automatic or manual or a choice between one of the pre-defined settings.

Viewfinder

A small viewing window that shows the image that the camera’s imaging sensor sees. This can either be an optical viewfinder, which shows the actual image in front of the camera through a peep hole or through mirrors, or an electronic view finder which is simply a small LCD display.

Aperture Ring

You can find it around the old manual lens of SLR camera. You can use it to select an aperture opening. In modern lenses, the aperture is electronically controlled through the body.

Focusing Ring

You can find the focusing ring around the lens of a DSLR camera. This is turned to manually focus the lens.

LCD Display

In some compact cameras, this acts as the viewfinder. This is a small screen (usually 1.8″ diagonally or bigger) at the back of the camera which can be used for framing or for reviewing the recorded pictures. LCD shows us the pictures captured by the camera and helps to examine them more closely.

Flash

The flash is Built-in on the body of most compact and some DSLR cameras. It can either be fixed or flip type. Flash provides an instantaneous burst of bright light to illuminate a poorly lit scene. This increases the visualization of the picture and helps to clear the image.

Control Buttons

Usually, includes a set of directional keys and a few other buttons to activate certain functions and menus. Users can interact with the camera’s computer system through the control buttons.

Power Switch

Turns on or off the camera. This may also contain a Record / Play Mode selector on some cameras. But mostly it acts as the on or off system of a camera.

Zoom Control

Usually, W and T, which stands for “Wide” and “Tele” respectively are marked on the DSLR. They control the camera’s lenses to zoom-in or zoom-out. For DSLR cameras, a zoom ring in the lens controls the zoom.

Battery Compartment

It holds the batteries. Depending on the camera model, this varies in size and shape. Batteries can be single, twice or even more on the basis of the power requirement of any camera.

Memory Card Slot

You will insert memory cards in the slot. The proper position of the card is often indicated. A mechanical catch usually holds the card in place and a spring helps it eject. This stores all the pictures captured by the camera and later we can transfer them to PC or any other device. Memory card can be of different sizes like 2GB, 4GB, 8GB, 16GB, 32GB and 64GB etc.

Dioptric Adjustment Knob

Use this knob to adjust the clarity of the viewfinder image according to your eyesight. To do so, turn the knob while looking through the viewfinder.

ISO  

In very basic terms, ISO is the level of sensitivity of any camera when approached to light. In traditional photography, ISO was the indication of how sensitive a film was to light. It was measured in numbers as you have probably seen them on films as 100, 200, 400, 800, etc. The lower the number, the lower the sensitivity of the film and finer will be the grain in taking shots. In Digital Photography it means the same. The component within your camera that can change sensitivity is called “image sensor” or simply “sensor”. It is the most important part of a camera, and it is responsible for gathering light and transforming it into an image.

Moreover, it is also a highly expensive part. With increased sensitivity, your camera sensor can capture images in low-light environments without having to use a flash. This is a good quality of a camera to capture high images even in the dark. But there is a problem with that. With increased sensitivity, the camera also captures some noise which makes the picture a bit dull.

The above picture depicts the difference between ISO 200 & ISO 3200. The difference is clear – the image on the right-hand side at ISO 3200 has a lot more noise in it than the one on the left at ISO 200.

ISO Numbers

Typically, ISO numbers start from 100-200 increment in value in geometric progression, mean the power of two. So, the ISO sequence is: 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400 so on. The important thing to understand is that each step between the numbers doubles the sensitivity of the sensor. So, ISO 200 is twice more sensitive than ISO 100, while ISO 400 is twice more sensitive than ISO 200. This makes ISO 400 four times more sensitive to light than ISO 100, and ISO 1600 sixteen times more sensitive to light than ISO 100 so on and so forth. What does it mean when a sensor is sixteen times more sensitive to light? It means that it needs sixteen times less time to capture an image!

Speed example of ISO:

  • ISO 100 – 1 second
  • 1/2 of second – ISO 200
  • ISO 400 – 1/4 of second
  • 1/8 of second – ISO 800
  • ISO 1600 – 1/15 of second
  • ISO 3200 – 1/30 of second

In the above ISO Speed Example, if your camera sensor needed exactly 1 second to capture a scene at ISO 100, simply by switching to ISO 3200, you can capture the same scene at 1/30th of a second. That can mean a world of difference in photography since it can help to avoid camera shake or motion blur.

The above picture of Black Skimmers is captured at 1/2000th of a second at ISO 800. Blur has been introduced in the picture because birds were moving faster than that.

You should increase the ISO when there is not enough light for the camera to be able to quickly capture an image like in the darkroom or any place. Anytime to shoot indoors without a flash, we set my ISO to a higher number to be able to capture the moment without introducing blur to the image. Another case where you might want to increase ISO is when you need to get ultra-fast shots, like the bird picture posted above. Before increasing the ISO though, you should first decide if it is OK for you to introduce some noise to the image. Remember, the bigger the ISO number, the more noise you will see in your images as described above.

When choosing the ISO setting generally four questions are to be asked:

  • Light – Is the subject well lit
  • Grain – Do I want a grainy shot or one without noise?
  • Tripod – Am I using a tripod?
  • Moving Subject – Is my subject moving or stationary?

There are some situations where you might need to push ISO to higher settings.

These include:

• Indoor Sports Events – where your subject is moving fast yet you may have limited light available.
• Concerts – also low in light and often ‘no-flash’ zones
• Art Galleries, Churches etc- m.any galleries have rules against using a flash and of course being indoors are not well lit.
• Birthday Parties – blowing out the candles in a dark room can give you a nice moody shot which would be ruined by a bright flash. Increasing the ISO can help capture the scene.

Aperture

To define it simply, Aperture is ‘the opening in the lens.’ When you hit the shutter release button of your camera, a hole opens up that allows your camera image sensor to catch a glimpse of the scene you want to capture. The aperture that you set impacts the size of that hole. The larger the hole, the more light that gets in and the smaller the hole, the less light. You can measure the Aperture in ‘f-stops’.

One thing that causes a lot of new photographers and the confusion is that large apertures (where lots of light gets through) are given f-stop smaller numbers and smaller apertures (where less light gets through) have larger f-stop numbers. So f/2.8 is, in fact, a much larger aperture than f/22. It seems the wrong way around when you first hear it, but you’ll get the hang of it.

Changing of the Aperture

There are some results of changing the aperture of your shots that you’ll want to keep in mind as you consider your setting but the most noticeable one will be the depth of field that your shot will have. The depth of Field is that amount of your shot that will be in focus. Large depth of field means that most of your image will be in focus whether it’s close to your camera or far away.

The best way to get your head around aperture is to get your camera out and do some experimenting freely. Go outside and find a spot where you have got items close to you as well as far away and take a series of shots with different aperture settings from the smallest setting to the largest. You will quickly see the impact that it can have and the usefulness of being able to control aperture within less time. But you have to be sensible and responsible in it.

Diaphragm

A device called a diaphragm usually serves as the aperture stop and controls the aperture. The diaphragm functions much like the iris of the eye – it controls the effective diameter of the lens opening. Reducing the aperture size increases the depth of field, which describes the extent to which subject matter lying closer than or farther from the actual plane of focus appears to be in focus. In general, the smaller the aperture (, the larger the number), the greater the distance from the plane of focus the subject matter may be while still appearing in focus. The first thing to note is that there are no rules when it comes to choosing an aperture – it depends greatly on whether you are going for artistic effect or to accurately reproduce a scene in a photo.

Traditional uses for the Aperture

To best make these decisions, it helps to have a good knowledge of traditional uses for the apertures listed below:

  • f/1.4: This is great for shooting in low light, but be careful of the shallow. Best used on shallow subjects or for a soft-focus effect.
  • f/2: This range has much the same uses, but an f/2 can be picked up for a third of the price of a f/1.4.
  • f/2.8: Still good for low light situations but allows for more definition in facial features as it has a deeper DoF. Good zoom lenses usually have this as their widest aperture.
  • f/4: As autofocus can be temperamental, this is the minimum aperture you would want to use when taking a photo of a person where there is decent lighting – you risk the face going out of focus with wider apertures.
  • f/5.6: Good for photos of 2 people, not very good in low light conditions though, so best to use a bounce flash.
  • f/8: This is good for large groups as it will ensure that everyone in the frame remains in focus.
  • f/11: This is often where your lens will be at its sharpest, so it’s great for portraits.
  • f/16: Shooting in the sun requires a small aperture, making this is a good ‘go to’ point for these conditions.
  • f/22: Best for landscapes where noticeable detail in the foreground is required.

As it is said before, these are only guidelines. Now that you know exactly how the aperture will change a photo, you can experiment yourself and have fun with it!

Shutter Speed

Shutter speed is ‘the amount of time that the shutter is open’. In film photography, it was the length of time that you expose the film to the scene you are photographing. Similarly, in digital photography shutter speed is the length of time that your image sensor ‘sees’ the scene you’re attempting to capture. Let me attempt to break down the topic of “Shutter Speed” into some bite-sized pieces that should help digital camera owners trying to get their head around shutter speed:

Measurement of Shutter Speed

Shutter speed is measured in seconds – or in most cases fractions of seconds. The bigger the denominator, the faster the speed (i.e., 1/1000 is much faster than 1/30). In most cases, you will probably be using shutter speeds of 1/60th of a second or faster. This is because anything slower than this is very difficult to use without getting camera shake. Camera shake is when your camera is moving while the shutter is open and results in a blur in your photos. If you are using a slow shutter speed (anything slower than 1/60) you will need to either use a tripod or some type of image stabilization (more and more cameras are coming with this built-in). Shutter speeds available to you on your camera will usually double with each setting.

As a result, you will usually have the options for the following shutter speeds – 1/500, 1/250, 1/125, 1/60, 1/30, 1/15, 1/8, etc. This doubling is easy to keep in mind as aperture settings also double the amount of light that is let in – as a result increasing shutter speed by one stop and decreasing aperture by one stop should give you similar exposure levels.

Some cameras also give you the option for very slow shutter speeds that are not fractions of seconds but are measured in seconds (for example 1 second, 10 seconds, 30 seconds, etc.). These are used in very low light situations when you are going after special effects and when you are trying to capture a lot of movement in a shot. Some cameras also give you the option to shoot in ‘B’ (Bulb) mode. Bulb mode lets you keep the shutter open for as long as you hold it down.

Considering the Shutter Speed

When considering what shutter speed to use in an image, you should always ask yourself whether anything in your scene is moving and how you would like to capture that movement. If there is movement in your scene, you have the choice of either freezing the movement or letting the moving object intentionally blur, or we can say giving it a sense of movement. To freeze movement in an image, you will want to choose a faster shutter speed and to let the motion blur you will want to choose a slower shutter speed. The actual speeds you should choose will vary depending on the speed of the subject in your shot and how much you want it to be blurred.

In the subway shot below the shutter speed was 1 second, so the movement of the trains on either side of the subject is beautifully blurred. This has been described beautifully as to show the shutter speed and some other functions. There are times when motion is good. For example when you’re taking a photo of a waterfall or seascape and want to show how fast the water is flowing. Or when you’re taking a shot of a racing car and want to give it a feeling of speed, or when you’re taking a shot of a stars-cape and want to show how the stars move over a longer period. In all of these instances choosing a longer shutter speed will be the way to go.

Images taken with a lower shutter speed evoke a visual sense of movement. Exposure time 3 seconds.

Do you know how to find out what your camera shutter speed is?

It is typically very easy to find the shutter speed. On Nikon DSLRs that have a top panel, the shutter speed is on the left side. If you look through the viewfinder, it should also be the number on the bottom left side of the screen. On most DSLRs, you will not see the shutter speed as a fraction of a second – it will typically be a regular number. When the shutter speed is slower than or equals to one second, you will see something like 1″ or 5″ (the sign indicates a full second).

Cameras

Canon EOS Rebel T6i EF-S 18-55 IS STM Lens Kit DSLR Camera

Some of its features are below:

  • A Big Sensor for Gorgeous Images
  • Built-in Wi-Fi & NFC for Simple Uploads and Sharing
  • Sophisticated, Automated Movie Recording
  • Faster Focus, Improved Tracking
  • Sharp and Clear with Tactile Controls
  • Fast-Action Shots are Easy to Capture
  • Intelligent Scene Analysis for Exceptional Results
  • Consistent, High-Performance AF
  • Simple to Preview, Easy to Shoot

Canon EOS Rebel T6s EF-S 18-135 IS STM Lens Kit DSLR Camera:

Some of its features are:

  • Lens Mount – Canon EF mount
  • Image Sensor – CMOS Sensor – Effective pixels: Approx. 24.20 megapixels | Total pixels: Approx. 24.70 megapixels
  • Recording Media – SD card, SDHC card, SDXC memory card
  • Auto Focus – TTL secondary image-forming, phase-difference detection
  • AF Points – 19 points, All AF points are cross-type at f/5.6
  • LCD Monitor – TFT color, liquid-crystal monitor with Touch Panel LCD (capacitive type), Wide 3.0-inch (Screen aspect ratio of 3:2), 7.7cm diagonal (6.37cm wide, 4.25cm high)
  • Battery – One Battery Pack LP-E17

Nikon 1528 Df with AF-S NIKKOR 50mm f/1.8G DSLR Camera:

Some of its features are:

  • Compact and stylish standard zoom lens with image stabilization for EOS M series digital cameras.
  • A stepping motor (lead screw-type STM) helps provide smooth and quiet operation when taking photos, and near-silence when shooting videos.
  • High-speed, high-precision autofocusing is achieved by utilizing the full-time manual focus mode (AF+MF) to make fine adjustments after focusing.
  • Optical Image Stabilizer technology helps reduce camera shake and achieves a level of sharpness equivalent to a shutter speed 3.5 settings faster for great performance even when using for handheld photography.
  • Efficiently designed with three aspheric lenses and uses short back focus to help produce high-quality results.
  • Lens retraction mechanism helps shorten the length of the lens and a compact; lightweight design allows easy portability.
  • Optimized lens placement helps to minimize ghosting and flare.

There is a huge number of camera models available in the market, but one has to choose camera of his type. Make sure you are buying it with enough knowledge of that specific model. But the task is simple. Make yourself ready and then start taking photographs as you will be able to master them soon. Practice is the key to success. Keep practising!

Composition

It is important to understand exposure, but if you can’t get to grips with basic composition, you will struggle to take really good photos. I’m not saying that you have to follow every compositional rule, but it helps to learn these rules so they can help guide you in taking better photos.

Rule of Thirds

This is probably the first compositional rule that any photographer comes across and that’s for a very good reason: it’s simple, and it works. The basic premise is that you divide your camera’s frame into thirds and plant key objects on these lines; the composition will work better. This is a tool that consistently works and, if you’ve not learned much about photography yet, it’s a great way of dramatically improving your photos and making them more interesting.

Visual Weight

Visual weight is different to size or weight as we know it. It’s all about what we’re drawn to when we look at a photo. When you understand visual weight, you’ll start to understand how people look at photos and how you can position certain elements in a frame to direct the viewers’ attention to where you want them to look. It’s not a tool or a rule but an understanding.

Triangles

Triangles are in almost everything we see in one way or another; it’s just a case of distinguishing and knowing what to do with them. Triangles make great compositional tools as they are easy to make and manipulate and are remarkably common. They are also a great way of combining different compositional techniques, such as lines and paths, to create a more interesting part of a photograph. You can even use them to make a photo feel more stable or unstable.

Eye-Lines

If you take photos of people, you’re taking photos with eye lines. It’s important to understand the effect that eye lines have on how we view a photo. Eye-lines can focus our attention on a particular part of the photo, as well as producing tension and other photographic elements. Although they are not physical lines, they can be used as such to produce different elements, such as triangles and vertical lines.

Balance

Balance in a photo affects how we feel when we look at it. An unbalanced photo can make us feel uneasy, whereas a balanced photo will make us feel more relaxed and it will attract more admirers. It doesn’t matter whether you choose to make the photo balanced or unbalanced, but you should understand why you have chosen one or the other and the effect that this will have on your photo. Again, it’s one of those situations where the more you know, the easier it will be to produce the desired effect. A balanced photo will also give you internal satisfaction and pleasure. So, try to make it at least close to perfect, and you can achieve this through high skills in balancing.

White Balance

White Balance is an aspect of photography that many digital camera owners don’t understand or use, but it is something well worth learning about as it can have a real impact upon the shots you take and will make your photography more inspiring as well as effective. The basic reason why we adjust white balance is to get the colors in your images as accurate as possible. You might have noticed when examining shots after taking them that at times images can come out with an orange, blue, yellow, etc. look to them even though to the naked eye the scene looked quite normal. The reason for this is that images of different sources of light have a different color or temperature to them.

Fluorescent lighting adds a bluish cast to photos whereas tungsten (incandescent) lights add a yellowish tinge to photos. This makes photos a bit awkward or far from normal. The range in different temperatures ranges from the very cool light of blue sky through to the very warm light of a candle. We don’t generally notice this difference in temperature because our eyes adjust automatically for it. So unless the temperature of the light is very extreme a white sheet of paper will generally look white to us. However, a digital camera doesn’t have the smarts to make these adjustments automatically and sometimes will need us to tell it how to treat different light.

Adjusting the White Balance

If you want to adjust the white balance in your camera, you have to adopt different techniques for different cameras. Different digital cameras have different ways of adjusting white balance so ultimately you will need to get out your cameras manual out to work out the specifics of how to make changes. Having said these many digital cameras have automatic and semi-automatic modes to help you make the adjustments.

Here are some of the basic White Balance settings you’ll find on cameras:

  • Auto – This is where the camera makes a best guess on a shot by shot basis. You’ll find it works in many situations but mostly it depends upon the quality and availability of light.
  • Tungsten – This mode is usually symbolized with a little bulb and is for shooting indoors, especially under tungsten (incandescent) lighting (such as bulb lighting). It generally cools down the colours in photos and make them look like milky.
  • Fluorescent – This compensates for the cool light of fluorescent light and will warm up your shots. Shots will look like slight reddish in view.
  • Daylight or Sunny – Not all cameras have this setting because it sets things as fairly normal white balance settings.
  • Cloudy – This setting generally warms things up a touch more than daylight mode. It makes the shot look like a bit dull.
  • Flash – The flash of a camera can be quite a cool light so in Flash WB mode you will find it warms up your shots a touch.
  • Shade – The light in the shade is generally cooler than shooting in direct sunlight so that this mode will warm things up a little. This will make the shot look like slight blush.

It can be adjusted manually also like many DSLRs have this function. The way you use this varies a little between models but in essence what you do is to tell your camera what white looks like in a shot so that it has something as a reference point for deciding how other colors should look.

Let’s take an example of it:

Above picture was captured in a room with three standard light bulbs so it made the environment a bit warm. The depiction is clear in the picture.

After taking this picture, held up a piece of white paper to the camera to tell it what color white is. Then let’s took a second shot with this setting and got the following result – which you will see is a much truer color cast than the first image.

Photo Editing

The last step in our tour of photography is editing. Editing gives that final touch to your photos. It turns your most ordinary photos into extraordinary. Many people claim editing to be some sort of a trick or a con or cheat or a sham. The photo loses its originality once you edit it. Hence many around the world call it cheating or deceptive. If you’re one of those who thinks of editing as deceiving or illusory, then let me try and change your views. Editing is not manipulation. It gives a final glow to a picture.

Types of Editing

There are two types of editing: One, when you simply enhance the photo; Two, when you completely change the photo and still call it original. The first one is the pure form of editing while the latter can be known as manipulation. Granted the first one also comes off as a form of manipulation but at least in that case, you admit that you’ve edited them. You have to edit your photos in such a way that its originality remains intact, i.e., don’t change your pictures completely. You will never get any respect from any photographer in the world if you do that. Editing a photo simple requires a bit of cropping, some adjustment if needed in the form of a portrait or any other size, correcting your white balance, adjusting your brightness levels, and use some filters if need be.

Sometimes, when we take photos, we tend to ignore the tiny faults while involved with the camera. However, on a second glance, we realize that the photo might need some cropping or maybe some brightness. In this case, editing helps us in applying final touches to our photograph and make them look extremely good. You can then upload them to your page or your internet site or simply hand them to a client. With photography, editing is highly important. As discussed above, it enhances our photos. You can compare normal, and an edited photograph and you will see the difference. The edited one will look fresh while your original might look bland. This doesn’t mean that you apply every single filter or setting on your photos, anything in excess is never good, the same goes for editing.

Don’t do too much editing

Too much editing will ruin your photo, and you can very well lose that essence or message you’re trying to give to the world via your photo. Keep it subtle, keep it soft, and keep it at a short distance with a limit. Make sure you know when to stop. Some photographers claim its editing that worries them out most. According to them, taking pictures isn’t that scary as compare to editing them. For this, we can only say that if you think editing is going to prove itself as a piece of cake, then you’re wrong. It requires practice, dedication and true hard work. You need to analyze your photos. Get a picture in your mind as to how to reset your photos. Then work your way through the tools provided to get the desired image.

Study the Editing app

You have first to study the editing app or site and see how it works. Then work your way through whatever you need. To understand how it works, you have to go through multiple steps. Some take proper classes for editing or Photoshop while others go through a variety of tutorials and experimentation on the app or site itself until they get used to it and master its secrets. In my opinion, you should take proper classes if you have the resources available because no matter how many tutorials and tips you go through, you wouldn’t be able to master it the way experts did by sitting at home. However, if your resources don’t allow you, classes, then you can always guide yourself via the internet.

We can try and give you some tips to help you along the way, but the core element lies with you. Editing despite whatever people say, is hard for the beginners. You have to give pure dedication to it. Just like knowing about camera and photography is important, editing also plays a key role in the evolution of a beginner to an expert. Since this constitutes the last step of photography, it is essential for you to understand that just like camera and photography, editing to has a past. It too was developed after some time and after a lot of experimentation and practice on people’s part. Let’s discuss editing in context to its proper definition and history.

What is Photo Editing?

Photo editing is the changing, the enhancing and the organizing of a photograph. In some cases, you can also call it as an art of illusory or manipulation, but in simple words, you can say, it is the final look of a photograph. The last stage a photograph has to go through to finally make it look like reality on a piece of paper. Photo editing includes a variety of things, one of the method is called airbrushing. Airbrushing is something which anyone can use by simply moving the brush along the places you need to change while the truest forms of editing come in the form of Photoshop for which we have a variety of soft wares and apps like Adobe, gimp and Microsoft Paint, etc.

History of Photo Editing

Photo editing has been in practice for many years. However, before they consisted of making changes via tools like paint brushes, inks or airbrushes rather than proper advanced apps and tools we use nowadays. The first time editing took place on the photo of ‘Abraham Lincoln’ somewhere in the 1860s. Since at that time technology was at its minimum, so people had to edit by their hands using the methods above mentioned. So naturally, Abraham Lincoln’s photo was edited by hand too. In those times, people would paste pictures together to create a landscape or a panorama or a collage while now we simply click away whatever we need.

Anyhow, it was in the 1980s, proper thought was given to photo editing. The personal computers got their photo editing programs. The first version of ‘Adobe Photoshop’ was released in 1987 and it is still popular up to date. It was earlier known as Adobe Photo Editing Program. But later on, changed to Adobe Photoshop for good. However, people start using it so frequently that now they refer to Photoshop as photo editing in general.

An app of photo editing for mobile phones was released in 2011. It was known as Fotolr Photo Editing. This also earned the prize of being the very first of its kind in that year. Afterwards, a variety of other apps also came. They are now extremely popular as people tend to use them a lot in their smartphones or phones in general.

Some of the photo editing apps are:

  • B612
  • Candy Camera
  • Camera 360 etc.

Many photo editing programs were also made for the web like Flickr, Vetr etc. However, Adobe Photoshop continues to rule the web programs up till now.

Basic Steps for Editing

Now editing as already discussed requires a great amount of work, time and dedication. You need proper guidance for editing, and you can get some good advice from web, different tutorial as well as by joining a few classes. Editing itself is a whole new world. You can never learn or see too much of it. Some details are always left undiscovered. Here we’re going to provide for you some basic editing steps which will help you in your photography.

This isn’t a detailed guideline because every editing program works differently. They have too many functions, the best way to master all of them is by taking some classes. Even in classes, they won’t teach you everything, but they will pave a path for you to follow and you can achieve the rest by exploring on your own. However, the following steps are something which you will find in every editing program.

Let’s discuss them:

Straightening

Sometimes we take a photograph in a hurry. Sometimes to achieve that perfect angle we tilt our cameras and try to take the picture horizontally or in any other shape. Now taking photos from different angles isn’t wrong but when you present them on your websites or to your respective agencies in the same manner, then you lose your charm at that very instant. Why? Because a tilted or an angled photo which is left as such gives off a very bad and messy impression.

Your photos should be appropriately inclined, or in proper shape so to give a good and neat impression. For this purpose, the editing programs provide us with the tool of resizing. In this, we can straighten our photo or rotate it to a different angle or completely change its composition by turning it into a portrait or anything else with the measures provided. Straightening proved to be a useful tool to many expert photographers out there. It is because sometimes they take pictures in a hurry or from a variety of angles.

This tool helps them in organizing it the way they want. For a beginner, this tool is equally important because you’re supposed to be at a learning stage meaning you will be experimenting a lot hence your photos are bound to look a bit strange to the eye. So if you require any fixes, then you can do so with the help of this tool.

Following represents straightening of a photograph with the help of a photo editor:

Cropping

The second basic step for our editing program is cropping. Cropping is simply the removal of those parts in the photo which you don’t want. All you have to do is select the cropping option. A dotted square appears which you adjust to the parts of the photograph you want to crop. Cropping is an easy task; it’s simply cutting away the clutter, blurred or an extra figure in a photograph. Most of the times, our photographs contain objects or blurriness towards the corner. Or sometimes there is also an extra person who is in the photo and is ruining your target.

How to get rid of them? Well, this is your answer. You simply open your editing program. Click on the option of crop or cropping or maybe a tiny scissor depending upon which editing program you’re using. Then adjust the photo by cutting away or removing the extra clutter, making your photo look great as well as giving off a natural look. Sometimes, however, people tend to forget that too narrowed photos are impossible for a camera to shoot. Sometimes they crop a given picture to such an extent that it doesn’t look natural anymore.

Remember you don’t have to overdo it. Some pictures don’t require cropping while some do. Differentiate between the two, and you’ll be good to go. However, as already mentioned above, this is an extremely basic and easy tool which even a child can master so a photography maniac can pass the test easily. Nowadays, our smartphones come with the option of cropping so if you want you can practice it beforehand on your random phone pictures and then turn towards the real photographs taken by your camera.

Contrast

Contrast is the difference between the lighter and the darker regions in a photograph. This tool is highly essential when photographing landscapes however it can be equally important in other forms of photography as well. In a way, you get to see its true nature in landscape photography. Moving on, since contrast is the difference between the lighter and darker parts, this means that your photo if taken in poor lighting or somewhat difficult situation can be fixed with the help of contrast. You might want to experiment with this tool, as it is highly important in your field only you’ll realize its importance once you cover the beginner stage.

Contrast helps in providing vibrancy to your photographs. In editing programs, there will be an option of contrast, and you’ll probably get to see a bar with a dark circle representing dark light and a bright circle representing light on either side of the corners. You can easily move the circle from one part of the corner to another adjusting it to your favourable manner. At whichever point the picture speaks out, then stop and take a look at it. Keep it or change it, that’s your choice, whichever level seems to agree with your photos is your goal. You will easily be able to do it as the photograph will be right in front of you and you’ll be able to see the amount of light or dark it needs.

Brightness

A bit similar to contrast is brightness. As the name indicates, it is the brightening of a photo when it appears too dark for your liking. Brightness level opens up with contrast or in some programs you have to click it to open it. However, a majority of the programs open the brightness, contrast and another tool simultaneously. The principle is same as that for contrast. You’ll see a bar with either side representing the extremes. You get to move the cursor or the point on the bar back and fro and see which one looks the best on your photograph. Select that tone and check your photo after you use it. If it still doesn’t look like the type you need then make changes otherwise let it be.

Saturation

It is adding more colors to the photo or simply making the colors stand out or making the photo colorful, whichever you prefer. Saturation is the tool that you should play with once you start your editing. By playing with it randomly, you can easily exercise its colors. You will be able to get an idea of how it works. As far as I know, it also comes with a bar which contains the extremes on either side and you move your cursor or point on the bar back and fro to see which type you prefer.

Like fun it is to play with saturation, it is must to remember that too much saturation will ruin your photo and easily replace it with an artificial look from a natural one. You must not overdo it at all. This is why it is advised to play with saturation beforehand. Because slowly you get the hang of colors and you realize how much of them you need. So when you’re applying saturation on your real photos, you will know when to stop. Some people use too much saturation, while colors look amazing, they can also become fake so adjust it to a normal level, and you’ll be fine.

Desaturation

It is the complete opposite of saturation. Saturation is the adding of colors to your pictures while desaturation is transforming them into complete black/white or grayish form. Desaturation is mainly for those who are obsessed with black and white or grayish photography. You should use this theme when the photograph contains some textures or heavy stuff so that the objects can stand out more.

For instance, a picture containing a boulder or boulders will look perfect in desaturized form. The boulder will stand out more hence providing you with a great photo. It is an essential tool as well, and it should be practiced multiple times too so that you can master it and have a certain control over it. When you apply it to your photos, you’ll know when to stop. It again comes in bar form, and you have to glide across the bar to see which form appeal to you the best.

Toning

This is best used and explained with desaturation. Toning provides that little color to a black and white photograph. Sometimes, we are in need of images which are completely black and white save for a few objects which we want to be colored. For this purpose, we have the option of toning. Toning helps you to add a bit of color to your black and white and create a wonderful picture which speaks volumes. All you have to do is adjust the level on your bar, and you’ll get the result on your picture. If it turns out too much then reduce it and vice versa. But, toning in great numbers can ruin the real essence of black and white photos so if you’re using this option with black and white. Be extremely careful as not to overdo it.

Healing Brush

In some editing programs, you have the option of healing brush. This healing brush helps you in removing unwanted spots on your photograph. Sometimes in a photograph, you’ll see birds ruining a good scape or a few clothes ruining a good building and so on. This option or this tool provides you with an opportunity to remove such clutter from your photos making them look just perfect. Its method of using is quite simple but different for different programs. In some you get to select the brush and move it across objects you don’t need.

In others, you create a circle over it or paint it to show the unwanted objects, either way, the main function remains the same. After you complete the mentioned methods, your photo is fixed and free of idling objects lurking about. You can also use it to remove bigger objects however it works best with small ones. The reason is that sometimes with the biggest objects removed, our photograph lose the main attraction or if done wrong can ruin the entire photo hence as a beginner, it is best to stick with the smaller objects for a while till you get used to it.

Final Verdict

So upon discussing the final basic steps of editing our journey has ended. Hopefully, this might provide you with all the help you need when beginning your journey as a photographer. The steps explained above in all the three sections are mainly basic and important for every beginner out there. You must know everything about photography if you want to excel in it. It is said that it’s the roots that help the tree grow into something enormous so keeping this in mind make sure you know A to Z of photography which we’ve tried our best to explain in the above sections. Be sure to follow our tips and take some of the best photos out there. So what are you waiting for? Go out and start clicking.

NOTE: the above pictures used in the content do not belong to me. I hold no claim over the pictures used above. The credit goes to their respective photographers.

 

Morgan Dominguez
 

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